GeographyOnline Test

Weather and Climate

Weather and Climate

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Question 1
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Weather refers to the physical state of atmosphere within 24 hours, described by weather elements such as temperature, atmospheric pressure, humidity, rainfall, cloudiness, windspeed and wind direction.
  2. The word climate is commonly defined as the weather averaged over a long period of time and over a large area. The standard averaging period is 30years.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
Both are wrong
D
Both (A) and (B)
Question 2
The word climate is derived from
A
Arabic
B
Latin
C
Greek
D
English
Question 3
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The equator receives vertical sunrays which fall over a small area.
  2. The polar regions receive slanting sun rays and they fall over a wide area.
  3. The places near the equator are cold than the poles.
A
1 only
B
1 and 2 only
C
1 and 3 only
D
2 and 3 only
Question 4
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The places located on higher altitudes are always cooler than those on the plains.
  2. It is because the atmosphere is heated from below.
A
Both 1 and 2 are correct and statement 2 is a correct reason for statement 1.
B
Both 1 and 2 are correct and statement 2 is not a correct reason for statement 1. 1 only
C
1 only
D
2 only
Question 5
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The sea absorbs and retains heat for long duration.
  2. The coastal areas experience the cool, wet air from the sea throughout the year which modifies the weather along the coast to have uniform weather both in the winter and summer.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 6
The coastal areas experience the cool, wet air from the sea throughout the year which modifies the weather along the coast to have uniform weather both in the winter and summer. This condition is called as
A
Extreme climate
B
Equable climate
C
Continental climate
D
None of these
Question 7
The interior land areas experiences warm dry air and they are very hot in summer and very cold in summer. This condition is called as
A
Extreme climate
B
Equable climate
C
Continental climate
D
None of these
Question 8
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Warm currents make coastal areas warm, wet and free from ice.
  2. Cold currents make them cool, dry and form icebergs.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 9
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The meeting places of warm and cold ocean currents are the areas of major fishing grounds.
  2. It is due to the suitable growth of the fish food, plankton.
A
Both 1 and 2 are correct and statement 2 is a correct reason for statement 1.
B
Both 1 and 2 are correct and statement 2 is not a correct reason for statement 1.
C
1 only
D
2 only
Question 10
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The winds blow from the sea contain more moisture so they are cool and wet.
  2. The winds that blow from the land areas are warm and dry.
A
Both 1 and 2 are correct and statement 2 is a correct reason for statement 1.
B
Both 1 and 2 are correct and statement 2 is not a correct reason for statement 1.
C
1 only
D
2 only
Question 11
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The winds that blow from the land areas are cool and wet.
  2. Cold currents make them cool, dry and form icebergs.
A
Both 1 and 2 are correct and statement 2 is a correct reason for statement 1.
B
Both 1 and 2 are correct and statement 2 is not a correct reason for statement 1.
C
1 only
D
2 only
Question 12
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The equator receives vertical sunrays which fall over a small area.
  2. Weather refers to the physical state of the atmosphere within 24 hours described by the weather elements such as temperature, atmospheric pressure, humidity, rainfall, cloudness, windspeed and wind direction.
A
Both 1 and 2 are correct and statement 2 is a correct reason for statement 1.
B
Both 1 and 2 are correct and statement 2 is not a correct reason for statement 1.
C
1 only
D
2 only
Question 13
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The sun is the source of light and heat to the earth.
  2. Earth receives only a small amount of solar radiation which takes  8 minutes to reach the earths surface.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 14
Which of the following statements is/are correct about the troposphere ?
  1. Troposphere begins at the surface of the earth and extends upto 8km at the poles and 18km at the equator.
  2. Troposphere is rich in ozone.
  3. The temperature decreases with increasing altitude.
  4. The tropopause is a thin layer that lies between the troposphere and the stratosphere.
A
1 and 3
B
1, 3 and 4
C
2 and 4
D
All the above
Question 15
Ozone is rich in which layer ?
A
Stratosphere
B
Troposphere
C
Ionosphere
D
Exosphere
Question 16
Which layer is called as isothermal layer or ozonosphere ?
A
Stratosphere
B
Troposphere
C
Ionosphere
D
Exosphere
Question 17
Which layer reflects the radio waves back to the earths surface ?
A
Stratosphere
B
Troposphere
C
Ionosphere
D
Exosphere
Question 18
Which layer filters the ultra violet rays ?
A
Stratosphere
B
Troposphere
C
Ionosphere
D
Exosphere
Question 19
Which layer stretches upto 80km ?
A
Stratosphere
B
Troposphere
C
Ionosphere
D
Exosphere
Question 20
The buffer layer in the stratosphere is n
A
Tropopause
B
Stratopause
C
Aurora borealis
D
Aurora Australis
Question 21
Which layer stretches from 80km to 500km ?
A
Troposphere
B
Stratosphere
C
Ionosphere
D
Exosphere
Question 22
Which is the uppermost layer of the atmosphere ?
A
Troposphere
B
Stratosphere
C
Ionosphere
D
Exosphere
Question 23
Which gas is present more in the exosphere ?
A
Nitrogen and helium
B
Hydrogen and helium
C
Oxygen and helium
D
Oxygen and nitrogen
Question 24
The northern lights is also called as
A
Southern lights
B
Tropopause
C
Aurora australis
D
Auraora borealis
Question 25
Which of the following statements is/are correct about ionosphere ?
  1. In this part of the atmosphere the suns radiation is ionized.
  2. It reflects the radio waves back to the earths surface which are useful for modern communication.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 26
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Aerology is a branch of meteorology.
  2. It involves in observation and research of the atmosphere using air balloons, radiosondes and airplanes.
  3. Aerology concerns the observation and research of ozone, radioactivity and some components of long wave radiation.
A
1 only
B
1 , 2 and 3
C
2 and 3
D
2 only
Question 27
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The ionosphere stretches upto 80km.
  2. The temperatures reduces with increasing altitude.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 28
Aerology is the study of
A
Temperature
B
Upper layer of Moon
C
Upper layer of Atmosphere
D
Sun
Question 29
Terrestrial radiation refers to the heat energy emitted from the
A
Sun
B
Earth
C
Water
D
Moon
Question 30
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Incoming solar radiation is called annual range of temperature.
  2. The tropopause is a thin layer that lies between troposphere and the stratosphere.
  3. The instrument used to measure the atmospheric pressure is called barometer.
A
1 only
B
2 and 3
C
2 only
D
All the above
Question 31
Which is the study of the atmosphere, focusing on weather processes for short term?
A
Meteorology
B
Aerology
C
Geology
D
None of these
Question 32
The imaginary lines that join different places with same temperature on the map is called
A
Isobar
B
Isoform
C
Isotherm
D
None of these
Question 33
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The exosphere is the uppermost layer of the atmosphere.
  2. The top edge of the stratosphere is rich in ozone.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 34
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The gases within the earth’s exosphere are the lightest gases, mainly hydrogen and helium.
  2. The colourful displays of auroras are called the northern lights in the northern hemisphere.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 35
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The colourful displays of auroras are called the aurora australis in the northern hemisphere.
  2. The colourful displays of auroras are called the aurora borealis in the southern hemisphere.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 36
The word climate is derived from greek word called
A
Goese
B
Frome
C
Gilma
D
Klima
Question 37
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The atmosphere of the earth is surrounded by gases which are retained by the earths gravity.
  2. The air is dense near the surface and becomes thinner and thinner with increasing height.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 38
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The gases found in the atmosphere, water vapour and dust particles present in the atmosphere are responsible for weather changes.
  2. The presence of gases in the atmosphere varies with quantity according to heights.
  3. The atmosphere is divided into troposphere, stratosphere, ionosphere and exosphere.
  4. The difference between the maximum and minimum temperature of a day is called the diumal range of temperature.
A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 3
D
All the above
Question 39
Which belt lies between   5 o North and 5 o south ?
A
Equatorial low pressure belt
B
Sub tropical high pressure belt
C
Sub polar low pressure
D
Polar high pressure belt
Question 40
Which zone is called as belt of calm ?
A
Equatorial low pressure belt
B
Sub tropical high pressure belt
C
Sub polar low pressure
D
Polar high pressure belt
Question 41
Which zone is also called as Doldrums ?
A
Equatorial low pressure belt
B
Sub tropical high pressure belt
C
Sub polar low pressure
D
Polar high pressure belt
Question 42
Which zone lies between  and  latitudes in both hemisphere ?
A
Equatorial low pressure belt
B
Sub tropical high pressure belt
C
Sub polar low pressure
D
Polar high pressure belt
Question 43
Which of the following statements is/are correct about sub tropical high pressure belt?
  1. Sub the subtropical high pressure belt lies between and  latitudes in both hemisphere.
  2. The ascended air from the tropics is getting cooled due to low temperature.
  3. The air descends at about  -  lattitudes.
A
1 only
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 2
D
1 and 3
Question 44
Which of the following statements is/are correct about sub polar low pressure belt ?
  1. The sub polar low pressure belt lies between  and  lattitudes in both hemispheres.
  2. The air spreads outward from this zone due to the rotation of the earth.
A
1 only
B
1 and 2
C
2 only
D
None of these
Question 45
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Air pressure is defined as the pressure thrust by the weight of the air on the earths surface.
  2. The average air pressure at the sea level is 1013 millibars.
  3. The horizontal distribution of the air pressure is highly  influenced by the temperature of a given place.
A
1 and 3
B
2 and 3
C
1 and 2
D
All the above
Question 46
Which of the following statements is/are correct about polar high pressure belt ?
  1. This pressure belt persists at the poles.
  2. The sun rays fall very slanting at the poles.
  3. As a result the temperature is low.
  4. The heavy air accumulates and produces high pressure.
A
1 , 2 and 3
B
1 , 2 and 4
C
1 , 3 and 4
D
All the above
Question 47
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The frigid zone is cooler than the torrid zone and temperate zone.
  2. Barometer is used to measure the atmospheric temperature.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 48
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The atmospheric pressure is inversely related to the atmospheric temperature.
  2. The high pressure belts are formed in the areas of low temperature.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 49
Which belt lies between  and  latitudes in both the hemispheres ?
A
Equatorial low pressure belt
B
Sub tropical high pressure belt
C
Polar high pressure
D
Sub polar low pressure belt
Question 50
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Barometer is used to measure the atmospheric temperature.
  2. Sub the subtropical high pressure belt lies between and  latitudes in both hemisphere.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 51
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The air in horizontal motion is called wind.
  2. The air generally moves from low pressure area to high pressure area.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 52
All moving objects including winds and ocean currents tend to get deflected towards right in the northern hemisphere and left in the southern hemisphere due to the rotation of earth. This changeless principle is called as
A
Ferrals law
B
Coriolis force
C
Both (A) and (B)
D
None of these
Question 53
Which zone is also called as horse lattitudes ?
A
Equatorial low pressure belt
B
Sub polar low pressure belt
C
Polar high pressure belt
D
Sub tropical high pressure belt
Question 54
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Anemometer is used to measure the atmospheric pressure.
  2. Barometer is used to measure the velocity of wind.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 55
Which of the following is correctly matched ?
  1. Planetary winds – trade winds, westerlies, polar winds
  2. Seasonal winds – monsoon winds, land breeze, sea breeze
  3. Local winds – called by different names in different places
  4. Variable winds – cyclones, anticyclones
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
2 and 3
D
All the above
Question 56
Which of the following statements is/are correct about planetary winds ?
  1. The winds that blow from a particular direction throughout the year.
  2. The trade winds blow within the tropics as southeast trades and northeast trades.
A
1 only
B
1 and 2
C
2 only
D
None of these
Question 57
Which blow from the subtropical high pressure belt to the sub polar low pressure belt in both the hemisphere ?
A
Easterlies
B
Westerlies
C
Polar winds
D
None of these
Question 58
The winds that blow from a particular direction throughout the year are known as
A
Periodic winds
B
Planetary winds
C
Seasonal winds
D
Variable winds
Question 59
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The trade winds blow within the tropics, as southeast trades and northeast trades.
  2. The westerlies blow from the sub tropical high pressure belt to the sub polar low pressure belt in both the hemispheres.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 60
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The polar winds blow as easterlies from polar high pressure to the sub polar low pressure belt.
  2. Planetary winds is also called as periodic winds.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 61
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The planetary winds are mainly caused due to the differences in heating and cooling of the earths surface.
  2. Seasonal winds blow only at specific time.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 62
Which wind blow as easterlies from polar high pressure belt to the sub polar low pressure belt ?
A
Periodic winds
B
Local winds
C
Monsoonal winds
D
Polar winds
Question 63
Which winds are caused mainly due to the differences in heating and cooling of the surface of the earth ?
A
Planetary winds
B
Seasonal winds
C
Monsoonal winds
D
Polar winds
Question 64
Which winds blow at specific time only ?
A
Planetary winds
B
Seasonal winds
C
Monsoonal winds
D
Polar winds
Question 65
The monsoon wind is divided into
A
3
B
2
C
4
D
5
Question 66
The word monsoon is derived from
A
Latin
B
Arabic
C
English
D
greek
Question 67
Which winds blow from the south indian ocean and south pacific ocean towards asia ?
A
South east
B
North east
C
North west
D
South west
Question 68
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. North east monsoon winds blow from Asian high pressure areas to the indian ocean and pacific ocean.
  2. The monsoon winds are divided into southwest monsoon and north east monsoon.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 69
The word monsoon is derived from Arabic word
A
Kilaim
B
Mausim
C
Meesan
D
Munsan
Question 70
What is meant by El nino  ?
A
The Christ child
B
Monsoon failure
C
Sea breeze
D
None of these
Question 71
Which has no definite direction or location ?
A
Cyclones
B
Variable winds
C
Anti cyclones
D
None of these
Question 72
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. During day time the land becomes warmer than the adjoining water bodies.
  2. The cool wet breeze from the sea blow towards the land in the late evening.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 73
Which of the following statements is are correct ?
  1. The variable winds has no definite location or direction.
  2. The variable winds get fluctuated in direction and speed.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 74
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The cyclones are the centres of a low pressure system.
  2. The cyclones are the centres of the high pressure system.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 75
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The centre of the cyclone is the vaccum area which is termed as the eye of the cyclone.
  2. The anti cyclones are violent and causes rain fall.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 76
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The anti cyclones is called by different names such as typhoons and hurricanes.
  2. The cylones are violent and causes rainfall.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 77
Which moves in clockwise direction in the northern hemisphere and anti clockwise in southern hemisphere ?
A
Cyclones
B
Sea breeze
C
Anti cyclones
D
None of these
Question 78
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The cyclones move anti clockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in the southern hemisphere.
  2. The anti cyclones move anti clockwise in the southern hemisphere and clockwise in the northern hemisphere.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 79
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The cyclone is associated with heavy rain and high speed winds.
  2. Variable winds gets fluctuated in direction and speed.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 80
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Anti cyclones are associated with clear weather and no rainfall.
  2. Anti cyclones are mostly formed over the land and they are dry.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 81
Which winds blow with some special characteristics over a small area and last for short period ?
A
Variable winds
B
Local winds
C
Planetary winds
D
Monsoonal winds
Question 82
Which of the following is correctly matched ?
  1. Brick fielder – Australia
  2. Chinook – USA
  3. Fohn – Northern Italy
  4. Sirocco – thar desert
  5. Loo  - sahara desert
A
1 , 2 and 3
B
1 , 4 , and 5
C
1 , 2 and 4
D
2 , 3 and 5
Question 83
Match the following
  1. Harmattam – alps mountain
  2. Mistral – central Africa
  3. Purge – argentina
  4. Pampero – Russia
A
3 4 1 2
B
3 4 2 1
C
2 1 4 3
D
1 2 3 4
Question 84
Where did the norte cool local wind blow ?
A
Russia
B
Gulf of mexico
C
Argentina
D
Northern Italy
Question 85
The brick fielder blows in
A
Central Africa
B
Australia
C
USA
D
Russia
Question 86
Purga cool local wind blows in
A
Central Africa
B
Argentina
C
Russia
D
USA
Question 87
Pampero cool local wind blows in
A
Argentina
B
Russia
C
Alps
D
USA
Question 88
Mistral cool local winds blows in
A
USA
B
Alps region
C
Russia
D
Argentina
Question 89
Chinook warm local wind blows in
A
Australia
B
Northern italy
C
Sahara desert
D
USA
Question 90
Harmattam cool local wind blows in
A
Central Africa
B
Alps region
C
Russia
D
USA
Question 91
Fohn warm local winds blows in
A
Northern Italy
B
Sahara desert
C
Thar desert
D
USA
Question 92
Sirocco warm local wind blows in
A
Sahara desert
B
Thar desert
C
USA
D
Argentina
Question 93
Loo warm local winds blows in
A
Sahara
B
Alps
C
Thar desert
D
USA
Question 94
The imaginary line joining different places with the same pressure on a map is known as
A
Millibar
B
Isobar
C
Isotherm
D
None of these
Question 95
Which instrument is used to measure the atmospheric pressure ?
A
Barometer
B
Hydrometer
C
Spectrometer
D
Anemometer
Question 96
Which instrument is used to measure the velocity of wind ?
A
Barometer
B
Hydrometer
C
Spectrometer
D
Anemometer
Question 97
Which instrument is used to indicate the direction of wind ?
A
Barometer
B
Wind vane
C
Spectrometer
D
Hydrometer
Question 98
Which of the following statement is/are correct ?
  1. A cloud can be defined as a mass of small water droplets or ice crystals formed by the condensation of water vapour in the atmosphere.
  2. The clouds are formed by very minute suspended particles present in the atmosphere.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 99
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The seasonal winds are mainly caused due to the differences in heating and cooling of the surface of the earth.
  2. The seasonal and periodic winds blow only at specific time.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 100
Which is a mass of small water droplets or ice crystals formed by the condensation of water vapour in the atmosphere ?
A
Frozed rivers
B
Clouds
C
Continental rivers
D
waves
Question 101
Which clouds are called high clouds ?
A
Cirrus clouds
B
Stratus clouds
C
Nimbus clouds
D
Cumulus clouds
Question 102
Which clouds never bring rainfall ?
A
Cirrus clouds
B
Stratus clouds
C
Nimbus clouds
D
Cumulus clouds
Question 103
Which of the following statements is/are correct about cirrus clouds ?
  1. Cirrus clouds are high clouds because they are formed above 5000 metres above the sea level.
  2. They are naturally dry, consists of ice crystals and never bring rainfall.
  3. These clouds are long, fibrous and curved with no tufts or curls at the ends.
A
1 only
B
1 and 2
C
2 and 3
D
All the above
Question 104
Which clouds are called low clouds ?
A
Cirrus clouds
B
Stratus clouds
C
Cumulus clouds
D
Nimbus clouds
Question 105
Stratus clouds are formed within how much metres above the sea level ?
A
200m
B
2000m
C
20m
D
1000m
Question 106
Which of the following statements is/are correct about cumulus clouds ?
  1. Cumulus clouds are often described as puffy or cotton like in appearance which are medium clouds.
  2. Cumulus clouds may appear alone in lines or clusters.
  3. Cumulus clouds are formed within 2000metres above the sea level.
A
1 only
B
1 and 2
C
1 and 3
D
All the above
Question 107
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Nimbus clouds are vertical clouds.
  2. Nimbus clouds are thick dark or grey or black clouds.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 108
Which of the following statements is/are correct  ?
  1. Cumulus clouds is extended upto 12000 metres.
  2. Nimbus clouds causes continuous rainfall.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 109
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Rainfall is defined as the water drops that fall from the clouds to the earth.
  2. Nimbus clouds is also called as thunder clouds.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 110
The imaginary lines that join different places having same amount of rainfall on a map are known as
A
Isotherms
B
Isohyets
C
Isobars
D
None of these
Question 111
Which clouds is known as rain clouds ?
A
Nimbus clouds
B
Cumulus clouds
C
Stratus clouds
D
Cirrus clouds
Question 112
Which clouds is known as strom clouds ?
A
stratus clouds
B
Cumulus clouds
C
Nimbus clouds
D
Cirrus clouds
Question 113
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Rainfall is defined as the water drops that fall from the clouds to the earth.
  2. Rainfall is classified into three types.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 114
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Conventional rainfall is also called as 4 ‘O’ clock rainfall.
  2. Cumulus clouds is also called as thunder clouds.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 115
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The warm air from the hot area is heated and move upwards.
  2. Hence a low pressure area is developed and attracts air from the adjacent high pressure areas.
A
Both 1 and 2 are correct and statement 2 is a correct reason for statement 1.
B
Both 1 and 2 are correct and statement 2 is not a correct reason for statement 1.
C
1 only
D
2 only
Question 116
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The equatorial region receive vertical sunrays, and becomes hot.
  2. The winds blow from the sea contains a lot of moisture.
A
Both 1 and 2 are correct and statement 2 is a correct reason for statement 1.
B
Both 1 and 2 are correct and statement 2 is not a correct reason for statement 1.
C
1 only
D
2 only
Question 117
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Nimbus clouds cause continuous rainfall so they are called rain clouds.
  2. Cumulus clouds extends upto 12000 metres high above the sea level.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 118
Lightning travels at a speed of
A
9560 miles/sec
B
6560 miles/sec
C
69560 miles/sec
D
96560 miles/sec
Question 119
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The study or the science of lightning is called Fulminology.
  2. The person who studies lightning is referred to as a fulminologist.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 120
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. There are 16 million lightning’s every year.
  2. Lightning is associated with convectional rainfall, cyclonic rainfall and clouds formed from volcanic eruption.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 121
Which is defined as the atmospheric discharge of electricity ?
A
Winds
B
Thunderstorm
C
Lightning
D
Cyclones
Question 122
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Lightning is accompanied by thunder.
  2. There are 16 million lightning every year.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 123
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Lightning is formed by the meeting of the positive and negative charges in the clouds containing ice.
  2. Meteorologists refer thunderstorm as weather factories.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 124
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The lightning travels at a speed of 96560 miles per second.
  2. Thunderstorms are produced by cumulonimbus clouds.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 125
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Thunderstorm is accompanied by lightning, thunder, strong wind gusts, heavy rain and hail.
  2. The presence of warm and humid air in the lower layers of atmosphere, atmospheric instability and intense convective activity are the requirements for thunderstorm origin.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of theses
Question 126
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Raingauge is an instrument used to measure the amount of rainfall.
  2. The imaginary lines that join different places having same amount of rainfall on a map is known as isohyets.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these.
Question 127
Which of the following statements is/are correct about conventional rainfall ?
  1. The equatorial regions receive vertical sunrays, and hence become hot.
  2. The hot air expands and rises vertically upwards. The temperature reduces gradually the air gets cooled and forms clouds.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these.
Question 128
Rainfall is classified into
A
3
B
4
C
5
D
6
Question 129
Which of the following statements is/are correct about cyclonic rainfall ?
  1. The warm air from the hot area is further heated and moves upward.
  2. A low pressure is developed and attracts air from the adjacent high pressure area.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 130
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The conventional rainfall occurs usually around 4’O’ clock.
  2. The conventional rainfall is called as 4 ‘O’ clock rainfall.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 131
Which clouds extends up to 12000 metres high above the se level ?
A
Nimbus
B
Stratus
C
Cirrus
D
Cumulus
Question 132
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Stratus clouds are low clouds because they are formed within 2000 metres above the sea level.
  2. Nimbus clouds are often described as “ puffy” or “ cotton like” in appearance which are medium clouds.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 133
Which clouds is called s medium clouds ?
A
Cumulus
B
Nimbus
C
Cirrus
D
Stratus
Question 134
The study or the science of lightning is called as
A
Fulminologist
B
Fulminology
C
Astrology
D
None of these
Question 135
Which forests are found in the region where the rainfall is more than 200cm ?
A
Tropical monsoon forest
B
Mangrove forest
C
Tropical evergreen forest
D
Mountain forest
Question 136
Which forests are found in the region where the rainfall  is between 70cm and 200cm ?
A
Tropical monsoon forest
B
Mangrove forest
C
Tropical evergreen forest
D
Mountain forest
Question 137
Which forests are found in the coastal areas flooded by the tides of the sea ?
A
Mangrove forest
B
Shrub and thorn forest
C
Tropical evergreen forest
D
Mountain forest
Question 138
Which of the following statements is/are correct about tropical evergreen forest ?
  1. The tropical evergreen forest trees do not shed their leaves.
  2. These forest are very dense and composed of tall trees reaching up to the height of above 60 metres.
  3. Rosewood, ebon, mahogany, rubber, cinchona were the important trees.
  4. Due to dense growth of trees the sunlight cannot reach the ground.
A
1 and 2
B
1 and 3
C
1 , 2 and 3
D
All the above
Question 139
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. Desert vegetation is found in regions where the rainfall is less than 25cm.
  2. The natural vegetation in the mountain is greatly influenced by the decrease of temperature with increase in height above sea level.
A
Both 1 and 2 are correct and statement 2 is a correct reason for statement 1.
B
Both 1 and 2 are correct and statement 2 is not a correct reason for statement 1.
C
1 only
D
2 only
Question 140
The natural vegetation of india is divided into
A
6 types
B
5 types
C
4 types
D
7 types
Question 141
Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The main trees of shrub and thorn forest are cacti, acacia and palms.
  2. The trees in the deciduous forests shed their leaved due to dryness for about 6 to 8 weeks.
A
1 only
B
2 only
C
1 and 2
D
None of these
Question 142
Thorny bushes, acacias, wild berries and babul are grown in
A
Mountain forests
B
Mangrove forests
C
Desert vegetation
D
Tropical evergreen forest
Question 143
Silver fir, junipers, pines, birches, lichens are common trees in
A
Desert vegetation
B
Mangrove forest
C
Evergreen forest
D
Mountain forests
Question 144
Which of the following is wrongly matched ?
  1. Gobi desert – tibet
  2. Kalahari desert – china
  3. India – thar desert
A
1 and 2
B
2 and 3
C
2 only
D
All the above
Question 145
The total forest area is around
A
19.39 million sq.km
B
63.72 million sq.km
C
56 million sq.km
D
37 million sq.km
Question 146
The percentage of forests in total area in india is
A
63 %
B
19.39 %
C
56 %
D
37 %
Question 147
Which clouds are dark or grey or black clouds which give continuous rainfall ?
A
Cirrus
B
Cumulus
C
Stratus
D
Nimbus
Question 148
Patagonian desert is located in
A
Australia
B
Africa
C
North America
D
South america
Question 149
A
2 and 4 only
B
2 and 3 only
C
1 and 2 only
D
All the above
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There are 149 questions to complete.

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