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Vijayanagar and Bahmani Kingdoms Online Test 7th Social Science Lesson 9 Questions in English

Vijayanagar and Bahmani Kingdoms Online Test 7th Social Science Lesson 9 Questions in English

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Question 1
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. The political condition of India in the fourteenth century provided great opportunities for the rise of new kingdoms in the south
  2. The repressive measures of the temperamental Muslim king Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq led to the rise of many new independent states
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 1 Explanation: 
The political condition of India in the fourteenth century provided great opportunities for the rise of new kingdoms in the south. The repressive measures of the temperamental Muslim king Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq led to the rise of many new independent states. In the south, Vijayanagar and Gulbarga or Bahmani emerged as two great kingdoms.
Question 2
Which of the following states is/are covered in Bahmani kingdom?
  1. Tamil Nadu
  2. Andhra Pradesh
  3. Telangana
  4. Maharashtra
  5. Karnataka
A
1, 2, 5
B
2, 3, 4
C
1, 3, 5
D
4, 5
Question 2 Explanation: 
The Bahmani kingdom spread all over the Maharashtra region and partly over Karnataka. Ruled by 18 monarchs, it lasted for nearly 180 years.
Question 3
The term Vijayanagara means_____
A
Vijayan nagaram
B
city of victory
C
city of gold
D
none
Question 3 Explanation: 
Vijayanagara, the ‘city of victory’, was established in southern Karnataka by two brothers named Harihara and Bukka.
Question 4
Who among the following established Vijayanagar empire?
  1. Harihara
  2. Bukka
  3. Devaraya
  4. Devaraya II
A
1 alone
B
1, 2
C
2
D
1, 4
Question 4 Explanation: 
Vijayanagara, the ‘city of victory’, was established in southern Karnataka by two brothers named Harihara and Bukka. According to one tradition, Vidyaranya, head of the Saivite Sringeri mutt, instructed them to abandon their service to the Tughluqs and rescue the country from Muslim authority.
Question 5
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. The new kingdom was called Vidyanagara for a time in honour of the spiritual teacher Vidyaranya, before it came to be called Vijayanagara
  2. Early in the sixteenth century, Bahmani kingdom collapsed and split into five sultanates – Bijapur, Ahmednagar, Golconda, Bombay and Berar
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 5 Explanation: 
Early in the sixteenth century, it collapsed and split into five sultanates – Bijapur, Ahmednagar, Golconda, Bidar and Berar. The new kingdom was called Vidyanagara for a time in honour of the spiritual teacher Vidyaranya, before it came to be called Vijayanagara.
Question 6
Which of the following is in Chronological order?
A
Sangama, Tuluva, Saluva, Aravidu
B
Aravidu, Sangama, Saluva, Tuluva
C
Sangama, Saluva, Tuluva, Aravidu
D
Sangama, Aravidu, Saluva, Tuluva
Question 6 Explanation: 
Four dynasties, namely Sangama (1336–1485), Saluva (1485–1505), Tuluva (1505–1570) and Aravidu (1570–1646), ruled Vijayanagar kingdom
Question 7
Which among the following zones were in conflict between Vijayanagar and Bahmani?
A
Krishna and Tungabhadra
B
Krishna and Godavari
C
Narmada and Tapti
D
Both a and b
Question 7 Explanation: 
The fertile regions between the rivers Krishna and Tungabhadra and the Krishna and Godavari delta were the zones of conflict among the rulers of Vijayanagar, Bahmani and Odisha.
Question 8
Who among the following is the father of Bukka I?
A
Kumara Kampana
B
Harihara
C
Devaraya
D
Krishna Devaray
Question 8 Explanation: 
Bukka I’s son Kumara Kampana ended the sultanate in Madurai and succeeded in establishing Nayak kingdom there.
Question 9
Who wrote the book Madura Vijayam?
A
Kumara Kamapana
B
Bukka I
C
Harihara
D
Gangadevi
Question 9 Explanation: 
The conquest of the Madurai Sultanate by the Vijayanagara empire is described in detail in the poem Madura Vijayam composed by Kumara Kamapana’s wife Gangadevi.
Question 10
Who among the following is the son of Bukka?
A
Kumara Kamapana
B
Devaraya II
C
Devaraya I
D
Harihara II
Question 10 Explanation: 
When King Bukka died, he had left behind a large territory to his son Harihara II to rule. Harihara II’s impressive achievement was securing Belgaum and Goa from the Bahmani kingdom.
Question 11
Who among the following defeated Gajapati kings of Odisha?
A
Devaraya I
B
Harihara II
C
Harihara
D
Bukka I
Question 11 Explanation: 
Harihara II’s impressive achievement was securing Belgaum and Goa from the Bahmani kingdom. Harihara’s son Devaraya I defeated Gajapati kings of Odisha.
Question 12
Who among the following is the greatest ruler of Sangama age?
A
Harihara II
B
Harihara I
C
Devaraya II
D
Devaraya I
Question 12 Explanation: 
Devaraya I successor Devaraya II was the greatest ruler of the Sangama dynasty. He began the practice of recruiting Muslim fighters to serve him and to train him in the new methods of warfare.
Question 13
Who among the following is the founder of Saluva dynasty?
A
Devaraya I
B
Saluva Narasimha
C
Saluva Narayana
D
Virupaksha Raya II
Question 13 Explanation: 
After Devaraya II, the Vijayanagar Empire went through a crisis. The able commander of the Vijayanagar army, Saluva Narasimha, making use of the situation declared himself the emperor, after murdering the last ruler of Sangama dynasty, Virupaksha Raya II.
Question 14
Who is the last ruler of sangama dynasty?
A
Devaraya II
B
Saluva Narasimha
C
Virupaksha Raya I
D
Virupaksha Raya II
Question 14 Explanation: 
After Devaraya II, the Vijayanagar Empire went through a crisis. The able commander of the Vijayanagar army, Saluva Narasimha, making use of the situation declared himself the emperor, after murdering the last ruler of Sangama dynasty, Virupaksha Raya II.
Question 15
Which among the following statement is correct?
  1. Saluva dynasty founded by Saluva Narasimha came to an end with his death
  2. Naras Nayaka, his able general, seized power, it ushered in the Tuluva dynasty
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 15 Explanation: 
Saluva dynasty founded by Saluva Narasimha came to an end with his death. When Naras Nayaka, his able general, seized power, it ushered in the Tuluva dynasty.
Question 16
Who is the greatest ruler of Vijayanagar empire?
A
Devaraya II
B
Krishnadevaraya
C
Devaraya I
D
Bukka I
Question 16 Explanation: 
Krishnadevaraya who reigned for 20 years was the most illustrious rulers of the Vijayanagar empire. His first step after ascending the throne was to bring under control the independent chieftains in the Tungabhadra river basin.
Question 17
Which among the following Mughal ruler was freed by Krishnadevaraya?
A
Mahmud Shah
B
Mahmud Akbar
C
Mahmud Babur
D
None
Question 17 Explanation: 
The Bahmani sultan, Mahmud Shah, had been overthrown and kept in imprisonment by his minister. Krishnadevaraya freed the sultan and restored him to the throne.
Question 18
Which ruler offered his daughter for to marry off his daughter to Krishnadevaraya?
A
Prataparudra
B
Mahmud Shah
C
Mahmud Akbar
D
Sherfoji
Question 18 Explanation: 
Similarly, Krishnadevaraya forced a war on Prataparudra, the Gajapati ruler of Odisha. Prataparudra negotiated for peace and offered to marry off his daughter to him. Accepting the offer, Krishnadevaraya returned the territory he had conquered from Prataparudra.
Question 19
With help of whom Krishnadevaraya easily defeat the Sultan of Golconda?
A
Nayakas of Tanjore
B
Portuguese gunners
C
Mughals
D
Dutch gunners
Question 19 Explanation: 
Krishnadevaraya, with the assistance of the Portuguese gunners, could easily defeat the Sultan of Golconda and subsequently take over Raichur from the ruler of Bijapur.
Question 20
Who among the following built Vithalaswamy temple?
A
Devaraya II
B
Devaraya I
C
Krishnadevaraya
D
Bukka II
Question 20 Explanation: 
Krishnadevaraya built the famous temples of Krishnaswamy, Hazara Ramaswamy and Vithalaswamy in the capital city of Hampi.
Question 21
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. Krishnadevaraya built huge irrigation tanks and reservoirs for harvesting rainwater.
  2. He distributed the wealth he gained in wars to all major temples of South India for the purpose of constructing temple gateways (gopura), called ‘Rayagopuram,’ in his honour.
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 21 Explanation: 
Krishnadevaraya built huge irrigation tanks and reservoirs for harvesting rainwater. He distributed the wealth he gained in wars to all major temples of South India for the purpose of constructing temple gateways (gopura), called ‘Rayagopuram,’ in his honour.
Question 22
Who’s court was adorned with astadiggajas?
A
Krishnadevaraya
B
Devaraya II
C
Devaraya I
D
Harihara
Question 22 Explanation: 
Krishnadevaraya patronised art and literature. Eight eminent luminaries in literature known as astadiggajas adorned his court.
Question 23
Who among the following were present in the court of Krishnadevaraya?
  1. Alasani Peddana
  2. Tenali Ramakrishna
  3. Birbal
A
1, 3
B
1, 2
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Question 23 Explanation: 
Krishnadevaraya patronised art and literature. Eight eminent luminaries in literature known as astadiggajas adorned his court. Alasani Peddana was the greatest of them all. Another notable figure was Tenali Ramakrishna.
Question 24
Which among the following statement is incorrect about Krishnadevaraya?
  1. He imported large number of horses from Arabia and Iran, which came in ships to Vijayanagar ports on the west coast.
  2. He had good friendly relationship with the Portuguese and Persian traders, which increased the Empire’s income through customs
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 24 Explanation: 
Krishnadevaraya recruited a large army and built many strong forts. He imported large number of horses from Arabia and Iran, which came in ships to Vijayanagar ports on the west coast. He had good friendly relationship with the Portuguese and Arabian traders, which increased the Empire’s income through customs.
Question 25
Who among the following succeeded Krishnadevaraya?
A
Achtyuda Deva Raya
B
Devaraya II
C
Krishnadevarya II
D
Devaraya I
Question 25 Explanation: 
Krishnadevaraya was succeeded by his younger brother Achtyuda Deva Raya. After the uneventful reigns of Achtyuda Deva Raya and his successor Venkata I, Sadasiva Raya, a minor, ascended the throne.
Question 26
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. After the uneventful reigns of Achtyuda Deva Raya and his successor Venkata I, Sadasiva Raya, a minor, ascended the throne
  2. His regent Rama Raya, the able general of the kingdom, continued as a de facto ruler, even after Sadashiva Raya attained the age for becoming the king.
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 26 Explanation: 
Krishnadevaraya was succeeded by his younger brother Achtyuda Deva Raya. After the uneventful reigns of Achtyuda Deva Raya and his successor Venkata I, Sadasiva Raya, a minor, ascended the throne. His regent Rama Raya, the able general of the kingdom, continued as a de facto ruler, even after Sadashiva Raya attained the age for becoming the king.
Question 27
In which year battle of Talikota took place?
A
1565
B
1556
C
1655
D
1575
Question 27 Explanation: 
The sultans of Deccan kingdoms succeeded in forming a league to fight the Vijayanagar Empire. The combined forces of the enemies met at Talikota in 1565. In the ensuing battle, known as Rakasa Tangadi (Battle of Talikota), Vijayanagar was defeated.
Question 28
Which of the following statement is incorrect?
  1. The site of the city of Vijayanagar on the bank of the river Tungabhadra in eastern Telangana is now called Hampi
  2. Hampi is in ruins and the UNESCO has declared it a heritage site.
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 28 Explanation: 
The site of the city of Vijayanagar on the bank of the river Tungabhadra in eastern Karnataka is now called Hampi. Hampi is in ruins and the UNESCO has declared it a heritage site.
Question 29
Who began the rule of Aravidu dynasty?
A
Sadasiva Raya
B
Rama Raya
C
Tirumaladeva Raya
D
Krishnadevaraya
Question 29 Explanation: 
Rama Raya was killed on the battlefield and his brother Tirumaladeva Raya managed to escape along with the king Sadasiva Raya. Tirumaladeva Raya moved to Chandragiri carrying all the treasures and wealth that could be salvaged. There he began the rule of Aravidu dynasty.
Question 30
Which dynasty built a new capital at Penukonda?
A
Sangama
B
Saluva
C
Tuluva
D
Aravidu
Question 30 Explanation: 
The Aravidu dynasty built a new capital at Penukonda and kept the empire intact for a time. Internal dissensions and the intrigues of the sultans of Bijapur and Golconda, however, led to the final collapse of the empire about 1646.
Question 31
In which year the Vijayanagar empire collapsed?
A
1646
B
1664
C
1466
D
1566
Question 31 Explanation: 
Internal dissensions and the intrigues of the sultans of Bijapur and Golconda, however, led to the final collapse of the empire about 1646.
Question 32
Which of the following statement is true about Vijayanagar Administration?
  1. Kingship was hereditary, based on the principle of primo geniture
  2. The reigning rulers, in order to ensure peaceful succession, nominated their successors
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 32 Explanation: 
Kingship was hereditary, based on the principle of primo geniture. But in some instances, the reigning rulers, in order to ensure peaceful succession, nominated their successors.
Question 33
Which of the following is/are matched correctly?
  1. Mandalams – provinces
  2. Nadus – districts
  3. Sthalas – villages
A
1, 2
B
2, 3
C
1, 2, 3
D
1, 3
Question 33 Explanation: 
The empire was divided into different mandalams (provinces), nadus (districts), sthalas (taluks) and finally into gramas (villages).
Question 34
Each province was administered by a governor called_______
A
Mandalesvara
B
Vishaypati
C
Gramini
D
Dasyas
Question 34 Explanation: 
The empire was divided into different mandalams (provinces), nadus (districts), sthalas (taluks) and finally into gramas (villages). Each province was administered by a governor called Mandalesvara.
Question 35
Who among the following is the village headmen in Vijayanagar administration?
A
Gauda
B
Vishaypati
C
Gramini
D
Mandalesvara
Question 35 Explanation: 
The empire was divided into different mandalams (provinces), nadus (districts), sthalas (taluks) and finally into gramas (villages). Each province was administered by a governor called Mandalesvara. Gauda, village headman, looked after the affairs of the village.
Question 36
Which of the following statement is correct during Vijayanagar Administration?
  1. The lowest unit of the administration was the village
  2. Each village had a grama sabha
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 36 Explanation: 
The lowest unit of the administration was the village. Each village had a grama sabha. Gauda, village headman, looked after the affairs of the village.
Question 37
Which of the following were present in the army of Vijayanagar empire?
  1. Infantry
  2. Cavalry
  3. elephant corps
A
1 alone
B
1, 2
C
1, 2, 3
D
2, 3
Question 37 Explanation: 
The army consisted of the infantry, cavalry and elephant corps. The army was modernised and Vijayanagar army began using firearms. The combination of firearm and cavalry made them one of the most feared armies in India.
Question 38
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. The Vijayanagar Empire was one of the richest states then known to the world
  2. The emperors issued a large number of gold coins called Varahas
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 38 Explanation: 
The Vijayanagar Empire was one of the richest states then known to the world. Several foreign travellers, who visited the empire during the fifteenth and the sixteenth centuries, left behind glowing accounts of its splendour and wealth.The emperors issued a large number of gold coins called Varahas.
Question 39
Who among the following Persian visited Krishnadevaraya’s Court?
A
Abdur Razzaq
B
Ibn Battuha
C
Hiseun tsang
D
It -Sing
Question 39 Explanation: 
Abdur Razzaq, the visiting Persian emissary to Krishnadevaraya’s Court, records the huge tank built with the help of Portuguese masons. Channels were constructed to supply water from the tank to different parts of the city. The city was well stocked with a variety of agricultural goods.
Question 40
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. Vijayanagar’s agricultural production was supplemented by numerous cottage-scale industries
  2. The most important of them were textile, mining and metallurgy.
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 40 Explanation: 
Vijayanagar’s agricultural production was supplemented by numerous cottage-scale industries. The most important of them were textile, mining and metallurgy.
Question 41
Who made reference to separate guild for each group of tradesmen and craftsmen?
A
Nuniz
B
Abdur Razzaq
C
Alasani Peddana
D
Tenali Ramakrishna
Question 41 Explanation: 
Abdur Razzaq, the makes a reference to separate guild for each group of tradesmen and craftsmen.
Question 42
Which of the following are matched correctly regarding trade of Vijayanagar empire?
  1. silks from China
  2. spices from the Malabar region
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 42 Explanation: 
During the Vijayanagar Empire, inland, coastal and overseas trade flourished in goods such as silks from China, spices from the Malabar region and precious stones from Burma (Myanmar).
Question 43
Who among the following wrote Amuktamalyada?
A
Krishnadeva Raya
B
Devaraya
C
Buka
D
Ganagadevi
Question 43 Explanation: 
Krishnadeva Raya wrote Amuktamalyada, an epic in Telugu and also a Sanskrit drama Jambavati Kalyanam.
Question 44
Which of the following are correctly matched?
  1. Amuktamalyada – Telugu
  2. Jambavati Kalyanam – Tamil
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 44 Explanation: 
Krishnadeva Raya wrote Amuktamalyada, an epic in Telugu and also a Sanskrit drama Jambavati Kalyanam.
Question 45
Who authored Pandurangamahatyam?
A
Buka
B
Alasani Peddana
C
Tenali Ramakrishna
D
Jakkama
Question 45 Explanation: 
Krishnadeva Raya wrote Amuktamalyada, an epic in Telugu and also a Sanskrit drama Jambavati Kalyanam. Tenali Ramakrishna authored Pandurangamahatyam.
Question 46
Who among the following translated Sanskrit and Prakrit works into Telugu?
A
Srinatha
B
Pothana
C
Jakkama
D
All the above
Question 46 Explanation: 
Scholars like Srinatha, Pothana, Jakkama and Duggana translated Sanskrit and Prakrit works into Telugu.
Question 47
_____ is considered a masterpiece in Telugu literature
A
Amuktamalyada
B
Jambavati Kalyanam
C
Pandurangamahatyam
D
None
Question 47 Explanation: 
Amuktamalyada is considered a masterpiece in Telugu literature. Krishnadeva Raya wrote Amuktamalyada, an epic in Telugu.
Question 48
Which literature speaks about Andal?
A
Jambavati Kalyanam
B
Amuktamalyada
C
Pandurangamahatyam
D
All the above
Question 48 Explanation: 
Amuktamalyada is considered a masterpiece in Telugu literature. It relates the story of the daughter of Periazhvar, Goda Devi (Andal), who used to wear the garlands intended for Lord Ranganatha before they were offered to the deity, and hence the name Amuktamalyada who wears and gives away garlands.
Question 49
Which of the following statement is incorrect?
  1. The temple building activity of the Vijayanagar rulers produced a new style called the Vijayanagara style.
  2. Prominence of pillars and piers, in large numbers, and the manner in which they were sculptured are hallmarks of the Vijayanagara style
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 49 Explanation: 
The temple building activity of the Vijayanagar rulers produced a new style called the Vijayanagara style. Prominence of pillars and piers, in large numbers, and the manner in which they were sculptured are hallmarks of the Vijayanagara style.
Question 50
._______was the most common animal to be depicted on the pillars of Vijayanagar Architecture
A
Elephant
B
Horse
C
Boar
D
Dragon
Question 50 Explanation: 
Horse was the most common animal to be depicted on the pillars. The structures have a mandapam (open pavilion) with a raised platform, generally meant for seating the deity on special occasions. These temples also have a marriage hall with elaborately carved pillars.
Question 51
Which of the following statement is incorrect?
  1. Ala-ud-din Hasan, also known as Hasan Gangu, seized Daulatabad and declared himself sultan under the title of Bahman Shah in 1347.
  2. In his effort, this Turkish officer of Daulatabad (Devagiri) was supported by other military leaders in rebellion against the sultan of Delhi, Muhammad bin Tughluq.
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 51 Explanation: 
Ala-ud-din Hasan, also known as Hasan Gangu, seized Daulatabad and declared himself sultan under the title of Bahman Shah in 1347. In his effort, this Turkish officer of Daulatabad (Devagiri) was supported by other military leaders in rebellion against the sultan of Delhi, Muhammad bin Tughluq.
Question 52
In which year capital of Bahmani was shifted to Bidar?
A
1429
B
1333
C
1347
D
1439
Question 52 Explanation: 
In two years, Alaud-din Hasan Bahman Shah shifted his capital to Gulbarga. His successors found it difficult to organise a stable kingdom even around Gulbarga. So the capital was again shifted to Bidar in 1429. There were 18 monarchs of the Bahmani dynasty.
Question 53
What was the capital of Bahmani before Bidar?
A
Gulbarga
B
Berar
C
Devagiri
D
Ahmednagar
Question 53 Explanation: 
Muhammad bin Tughluq. In two years, Alaud-din Hasan Bahman Shah shifted his capital to Gulbarga. His successors found it difficult to organise a stable kingdom even around Gulbarga. So the capital was again shifted to Bidar in 1429. There were 18 monarchs of the Bahmani dynasty.
Question 54
How many years does Bahman shah ruled?
A
5
B
6
C
11
D
15
Question 54 Explanation: 
Ala-ud-din Hasan ruled for 11 years. His attempt to exact an annual tribute from the state of Warangal, the Reddi kingdoms of Rajahmundry and Kondavidu, led to frequent wars.
Question 55
Ala-ud-din Bahman Shah divided the kingdom into_____ territorial divisions
A
10
B
5
C
4
D
3
Question 55 Explanation: 
Ala-ud-din Bahman Shah divided the kingdom into four territorial divisions called taraf. A governor was appointed for each province.
Question 56
Which of the following is correct regarding Bahmani kingdom?
  1. A governor was appointed for each province.
  2. He commanded an army, was solely responsible for its administration and for the collection of the revenue
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 56 Explanation: 
A governor was appointed for each province. He commanded an army, was solely responsible for its administration and for the collection of the revenue. The system worked well under a powerful king, but its dangers became apparent during the reign of a weak ruler.
Question 57
______ succeeded Bahman Shah.
A
Muhammad shah I
B
Shah Alam
C
Nazuridin
D
Bahaman Shah II
Question 57 Explanation: 
Muhammad shah I succeeded Bahman Shah. He waged two wars with Vijayanagar but couldn’t gain from it.
Question 58
Which attack earned fortress of Golconda to Muhammad shah I?
A
attack on Warangal
B
attack on Vijayanagar
C
attack on Pandyas
D
attack on Mughals
Question 58 Explanation: 
Muhammad shah I succeeded Bahman Shah. He waged two wars with Vijayanagar but couldn’t gain from it. But his attack on Warangal in 1363 earned him a large property and wealth, including the important fortress of Golconda and his treasured turquoise throne, which thereafter became the throne of the Bahmani kings.
Question 59
Which of the statement is true about Turquoise?
  1. Turquoise is a semi-precious stone Red in colour.
  2. Turquoise throne is one of the bejewelled royal seats of Persian kings described in Firdausi’s Shah Nama.
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 59 Explanation: 
Turquoise is a semi-precious stone sky blue in colour. Turquoise throne is one of the bejewelled royal seats of Persian kings described in Firdausi’s Shah Nama.
Question 60
Who among the following laid a solid foundation for the Bahmani kingdom?
A
Bahaman Shah
B
Muhammad Shah
C
Muhammad Shah II
D
Shah Alam
Question 60 Explanation: 
Muhammad Shah laid a solid foundation for the kingdom. His system of government continued even after the Bahmani kingdom disintegrated into five sultanates.
Question 61
How many mosques at Gulbarga was/were built by Muhammad Shah I?
A
3
B
4
C
2
D
5
Question 61 Explanation: 
Muhammad Shah built two mosques at Gulbarga. One, the great mosque, completed in 1367, measures 216 by 16 feet and has a roofed courtyard.
Question 62
Which of the following statement is incorrect?
  1. A large number of Arabs, Turks and notably Persians began to immigrate to the Deccan, many of them at the invitation of Sultan Muhammad I
  2. They had a strong influence on the development of Muslim culture during subsequent generations.
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 62 Explanation: 
A large number of Arabs, Turks and notably Persians began to immigrate to the Deccan, many of them at the invitation of Sultan Muhammad I and there they had a strong influence on the development of Muslim culture during subsequent generations.
Question 63
The Golconda Fort is located near______
A
Vizag
B
Hyderabad
C
Tirpathi
D
Berar
Question 63 Explanation: 
The Golconda Fort is located about 11 kilometres from Hyderabad on a hill 120 meters height. The fort is popular for its acoustic architecture.
Question 64
What is the height of Golconda Fort in meters?
A
140
B
120
C
132
D
149
Question 64 Explanation: 
The Golconda Fort is located about 11 kilometres from Hyderabad on a hill 120 meters height
Question 65
The highest point of the Golconda fort is_____
A
Bala Hissar
B
Bala Hymn
C
Bala Nama
D
Bala Nushar
Question 65 Explanation: 
The Golconda Fort is located about 11 kilometres from Hyderabad on a hill 120 meters height. The fort is popular for its acoustic architecture. The highest point of the fort is Bala Hissar. It is believed that there is a secret underground tunnel, which leads from the Durbar Hall to one of the palaces at the foot of the hills.
Question 66
Who succeeded Muhammad shah?
A
Muhammad shah II
B
Mujahid
C
Bahaman Shah
D
Bahaman Shah II
Question 66 Explanation: 
Mujahid, the son of Muhammad shah, ascended the throne. However, on his return to Gulbarga from the expedition against Vijayanagar, he was assassinated.
Question 67
In which year uncle Muhammad was enthroned to Bahmani kingdom?
A
1378
B
1365
C
1388
D
1334
Question 67 Explanation: 
Mujahid, the son of Muhammad shah, ascended the throne. However, on his return to Gulbarga from the expedition against Vijayanagar, he was assassinated and the nephew of the conspirator, Daud, the uncle of Muhammad, was enthroned in 1378 as Muhammad II.
Question 68
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. There were constant wars between the Bahmani and Vijayanagar rulers over the fertile Tungabhadra–Krishna region.
  2. The threat also came from the north, especially from Malwa and Gujarat
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 68 Explanation: 
There were constant wars between the Bahmani and Vijayanagar rulers over the fertile Tungabhadra–Krishna region. The threat also came from the north, especially from Malwa and Gujarat.
Question 69
The noteworthy ruler after eight and a half decades (1377 to 1463) was_____
A
Muhammad III
B
Muhammad II
C
Muhammad I
D
Bahaman Shah
Question 69 Explanation: 
The noteworthy ruler after eight and a half decades (1377 to 1463) was Muhammad III (1463–1482). Muhammad III reigned for 19 years. For most of these years, the lieutenant of the kingdom was Mahmud Gawan, the most notable personality of the time.
Question 70
Vakil-us-saltan means______
A
lieutenant of the kingdom
B
lieutenant of the village
C
Judicial head
D
Foreign ministry
Question 70 Explanation: 
Vakil-us-saltana or lieutenant of the kingdom, who was the immediate subordinate authority of the sovereign.
Question 71
Who among the following associted the Vakil-us-saltana?
A
Peshwa
B
Amir-i-jumla
C
Kotwal
D
None
Question 71 Explanation: 
Peshwa who was associated with the lieutenant of the kingdom. Vakil-us-saltana or lieutenant of the kingdom, who was the immediate subordinate authority of the sovereign.
Question 72
Which among the following is incorrectly matched?
A
Amir-i-jumla - minister of finance
B
Nazir - assistant minister for finance
C
Wasir-i-ashraf - minister of foreign affair
D
Kotwal - chief justice
Question 72 Explanation: 
Vakil-us-saltana or lieutenant of the kingdom, who was the immediate subordinate authority of the sovereign. 2. Peshwa who was associated with the lieutenant of the kingdom; 3. Waziri-kull who supervised the work of all other ministers; 4. Amir-i-jumla, minister of finance; 5. Nazir, assistant minister for finance; 6. Wasir-i-ashraf, minister of foreign affairs; 7. Kotwal or chief of police and city magistrate in the capital; and 8. Sadr-i-jahan or chief justice and minister of religious affairs and endowments.
Question 73
Mahmud Gawan was___ by birth
A
Persian
B
Arab
C
Turk
D
Hindu
Question 73 Explanation: 
A Persian by birth, Mahmud Gawan was well-versed in Islamic theory, Persian and Mathematics.
Question 74
Who among the following recruited Mahmud Gawan Bahmani kingdom?
A
Ala-ud-din Hasan Bahman Shah
B
Muhammad III
C
Muhammad II
D
Muhammad I
Question 74 Explanation: 
Mahmud Gawan was also a poet and a prose writer. The Bahmani king Ala-ud-din Hasan Bahman Shah greatly impressed by his wisdom and military genius, recruited him. He served with great distinction as the Prime Minister under Muhammad III and contributed extensively to the development of the Bahmani kingdom.
Question 75
Which of the following is true about Gawan?
  1. Gawan was known for his military campaigns as well as administrative reforms.
  2. He used Persian chemists to teach the Bahmani army about the preparation and the use of gunpowder
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 75 Explanation: 
Gawan was known for his military campaigns as well as administrative reforms. He used Persian chemists to teach the Bahmani army about the preparation and the use of gunpowder.
Question 76
In Gawan’s war against the Vijayanagar kings in_____, he used gunpowder.
A
Bidar
B
Berar
C
Belgaum
D
Devagiri
Question 76 Explanation: 
Gawan was known for his military campaigns as well as administrative reforms. He used Persian chemists to teach the Bahmani army about the preparation and the use of gunpowder. In his war against the Vijayanagar kings in Belgaum, he used gunpowder.
Question 77
Which of the following statement is correct about Gawan?
  1. In order to tighten the administration and to curb the power of provincial governors, who often functioned as virtual kings
  2. Gawan divided the existing four provinces of the Bahmani Sultanate into 20 provinces so as to limit the area under the rule of each governor
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 77 Explanation: 
In order to tighten the administration and to curb the power of provincial governors, who often functioned as virtual kings, Gawan divided the existing four provinces of the Bahmani Sultanate into eight provinces so as to limit the area under the rule of each governor and to make the provincial administration more manageable.
Question 78
Who among the following become were affected mostly by Gawan?
A
Deccanis
B
Pradesis
C
Both
D
None
Question 78 Explanation: 
The administrative reforms introduced by Gawan improved the efficiency of the government, but curtailed the powers of the provincial chiefs, who were mostly Deccanis. So, the already existing rivalry among nobles such as Deccanis and Pradesis (foreigners) further intensified and conflicts broke out.
Question 79
Shihab-ud-din Mahmud reigned as the sultan until his death in______
A
1513
B
1518
C
1540
D
1534
Question 79 Explanation: 
Gawan’s execution prompted several of the foreign nobles who were considered the backbone of the state to leave for their provinces. After Sultan Muhammad III’s death, Mahmud or Shihab-ud-din Mahmud reigned as the sultan until his death in 1518.
Question 80
Finally the Bahmani kingdom broke into____ independent Deccan kingdoms
A
10
B
4
C
5
D
2
Question 80 Explanation: 
After Sultan Muhammad III’s death, Mahmud or Shihab-ud-din Mahmud reigned as the sultan until his death in 1518. His long rule is noted for the beginnings of the process of disintegration. After him, four of his successors on the throne were kings only in name. During this period, the Sultanate gradually broke up into five independent Deccan kingdoms: Bidar, Bijapur, Ahmednagar, Berar and Golconda.
Question 81
Alaud-din Hasan Shah was educated at_____
A
Nalanda
B
Taxila
C
Multan
D
None
Question 81 Explanation: 
The founder of the Bahmani kingdom Alaud-din Hasan Shah was educated at Multan at the initiative of Zabar Khan, a general of Alaud-din Khalji.
Question 82
Who opened institution for purpose of educating children of noble families?
A
Muhammad I
B
Bahaman Shah
C
Sultan Firoz
D
None
Question 82 Explanation: 
Muhammad I was a patron of learning. He opened institutions for the purpose of educating the children of noble families in the art of soldiery.
Question 83
Which Bahmani king was a linguist and a poet?
A
Muhammad I
B
Bahaman shah
C
Sultan Firoz
D
None
Question 83 Explanation: 
Sultan Firoz, the eighth Bahmani king was a linguist and a poet. Later his successors founded schools in Gulbarga, Bidar, Daulatabad and Kandahar.
Question 84
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. Muhammad I, world famous madrasa in Bidar, with a large library, containing a collection of 3000 manuscripts
  2. Sultan Firoz, the eighth Bahmani king was a linguist and a poet
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 84 Explanation: 
Sultan Firoz, the eighth Bahmani king was a linguist and a poet. Later his successors founded schools in Gulbarga, Bidar, Daulatabad and Kandahar. Boarding and lodging at the king’s expenses were provided in these schools. Mahmud Gawan’s world famous madrasa in Bidar, with a large library, containing a collection of 3000 manuscripts, is illustrative of the importance given to scholarship and education by Gawan.
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