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Modern Indian History Part 3 in English

Modern Indian History Part 3 in English

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Question 1
Whose appointment as Governor-General is marked as an epoch in the history of British India.?
A
Lord Cornwallis
B
Richard Colley Wellesley
C
Bentick
D
Warren Hastings
Question 1 Explanation: 
Explanation: The appointment of Richard Colley Wellesley as Governor- General marks epoch in the history of British India.
Question 2
Wellesley was a Great Imperialist and he called himself as
A
Lion of Bengal
B
Bengal Tiger
C
King of Bengal
D
Prince of Bengal
Question 2 Explanation: 
Explanation: He was a great imperialist and called himself ‘a Bengal tiger’.
Question 3
Wellesley wanted to make British Empire in India as
A
British Country
B
British empire of India
C
England Empire
D
Queens Empire
Question 3 Explanation: 
Explanation: Wellesley came to India with a determination to launch a forward Policy in order to make ‘the British Empire in India’ into ‘the British Empire of India’.
Question 4
Wellesley adopted which policy to achieve his Objective?
A
Doctrine of Lapse
B
Subsidiary alliance
C
Vernacular Policy
D
Non-interfere Policy
Question 4 Explanation: 
Explanation: The system that he adopted to achieve his object is known as the ‘Subsidiary Alliance’.
Question 5
Who posed a Greater danger to British in North Western Part of India?
A
Zaman Shah
B
Marathas
C
Nizam
D
Gurkhas
Question 5 Explanation: 
Explanation: In the north-western India, the danger of Zaman Shah’s aggression posed a serious threat to the British power in India.
Question 6
Who formed a formidable Power in North and Central India during Wellesley?
A
Mughals
B
Marathas
C
Nizam
D
Nawabs
Question 6 Explanation: 
Explanation: In the north and central India, the Marathas remained as formidable political power.
Question 7
Who continued to be a serious threat because of Political Unrest in Karanatak Region?
A
Haider Ali
B
Tipu Sultan
C
Marathas
D
None of above
Question 7 Explanation: 
Explanation: The political unrest in the Karnatak region continued and Tipu Sultan had Remained the uncompromising enemy of the British.
Question 8
Whom did Nizam of Hyderabad Employed to Train his Army?
A
Marathas
B
English
C
French
D
Dutch
Question 8 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Nizam of Hyderabad employed the Frenchmen to train his army.
Question 9
Whose Policy Created a Political Unrest and Affected the Prestige of British in India?
A
Cornwallis
B
Sir John Shore
C
Warren Hastings
D
Wellesley
Question 9 Explanation: 
Explanation: The policy of neutrality adopted by Sir John Shore, the successor of Cornwallis, created a kind of political unrest in India and greatly affected the prestige of the English.
Question 10
Consider the Following.
  • 1] Preservation of British Empire and Removal of French Danger was Wellesley’s Twin Aims.
  • 2] He Believed Strong British Power in India Could Control the Tyranny and Corruption and Indian States so he Formulated Doctrine of Lapse Policy.
A
Both one and two are True
B
Only 2 is False
C
Only one is False
D
Both are False
Question 10 Explanation: 
Explanation: He was also thoroughly convinced that only a strong British power in India could reduce and control the existing tyranny and corruption in Indian states. Therefore, he reversed the nonintervention policy of his predecessor and formulated his master plan namely the ‘Subsidiary Alliance’.
Question 11
The state which is entered into Subsidiary Alliance is called as?
A
Indian State
B
British Territory
C
Indo-British Territory
D
Protected State
Question 11 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Entered Indian state was called ‘the protected state’ and the British hereinafter were referred to as ‘the paramount power’.
Question 12
The Indian Ruler Entered into the Alliance should Maintain a Contingent of
A
British Troops
B
Indian Troops With Modern weapons
C
Large Troops
D
Indo-British Troops
Question 12 Explanation: 
Explanation: Any Indian ruler who entered into the subsidiary alliance with the British had to maintain a contingent of British troops in his territory. It was commanded by a British officer.
Question 13
Consider the Following regarding Subsidiary Alliance
  • 1] The protected state should cut off its connection with European powers other than the English and with the French in particular. The State was Forbidden to have any political contact even with other Indian powers without the permission of the British.
  • 2] The ruler of the protected state should keep a British Resident at his court and disband his own army. He should not employ Europeans in his service without the sanction of the paramount power.
A
Only one is False
B
Both are False
C
Only 2 is False
D
Both are True
Question 13 Explanation: 
Explanation: The protected state should cut off its connection with European powers other than the English and with the French in particular. The state is also forbidden to have any political contact even with other Indian powers without the permission of the British. The ruler of the protected state should keep a British Resident at his court and disband his own army. He should not employ Europeans in his service without the sanction of the paramount power.
Question 14
According to Subsidiary Alliance the English will not Interfere in the state in
A
External affairs
B
Internal affairs
C
War
D
Alliance with other Territories
Question 14 Explanation: 
Explanation: The paramount power should not interfere in the internal affairs of the protected state.
Question 15
Which is Regarded as the Master Stroke of British Imperialism?
A
Subsidiary Alliance
B
Doctrine of Lapse
C
Introduction of Railways
D
None of the Above
Question 15 Explanation: 
Explanation: Wellesley’s Subsidiary System is regarded as one of the master- strokes of British imperialism. It increased the military strength of the Company in India at the expense of the protected states.
Question 16
Consider the defects of Subsidiary Alliance.
  • 1] The immediate effect of the establishment of subsidiary forces was the introduction of anarchy because of the unemployment of thousands of soldiers sent away by the Indian princes.
  • 2] Further, the subsidiary system had a demoralizing effect on the princes of the protected states. Safeguarded against external danger and internal revolt, they neglected their administrative responsibilities.
  • 3] British Collected Heavy taxes from People of states it Turned them against Prince of states.
A
Only one is False
B
1 and 2 are False
C
Only 3 is False
D
All are False
Question 16 Explanation: 
Explanation: The immediate effect of the establishment of subsidiary forces was the introduction of anarchy because of the unemployment of thousands of soldiers sent away by the Indian princes. The freebooting activities of disbanded Soldiers were felt much in central India where the menace of Pindaris affected the people. Further, the subsidiary system had a demoralizing effect on the princes of the protected states. Safeguarded against external danger and internal revolt, they neglected their administrative responsibilities. Furthermore, the British collected very heavy subsidies from the protected princes and this had adversely affected their economy.
Question 17
Which was the first state brought under Wellesley’s Subsidiary System in 1798?
A
Mysore
B
Hyderabad
C
Dindugul
D
Oudh
Question 17 Explanation: 
Explanation: Hyderabad was the first state brought under Wellesley’s Subsidiary System in 1798. The treaty concluded in 1798 was an ad hoc measure. It fixed the amount to be Paid annually at Rs.24 lakhs for the subsidiary force. In accordance with the treaty, all the French troops in Hyderabad were disbanded and replaced by a subsidiary British force
Question 18
The Nawab of Oudh Entered the Subsidiary treaty because of
A
Invasion of Zaman Shah
B
Fear Of British
C
Invasion of French
D
None of above
Question 18 Explanation: 
Explanation: The threat of invasion by Zaman Shah of Afghanistan was the pretext for Wellesley to force the Nawab of Oudh to enter into a subsidiary treaty. Accordingly, the Nawab gave the British the rich lands of Rohilkhand, the lower Doab and Gorakhpur for the maintenance of an increased army which the British stationed in the capital of Oudh.
Question 19
British Took the State From Serfoji by Subsidiary Alliance in the Year
A
1799
B
1798
C
1790
D
1801
Question 19 Explanation: 
Explanation: dispute. In 1799, Wellesley concluded a treaty with Serfoji. In accordance with this treaty the British took over the administration of the state and allowed Serfoji to retain the title of Raja with a pension of 4 lakhs of rupees.
Question 20
Who Built the Saraswathi Mahal in Tanjore?
A
Marathas
B
Marathas
C
Nayaks
D
Raja Sarbhoji
Question 20 Explanation: 
Explanation: Raja Sarbhoji was a man of culture and attractive manners. He was the disciple of Schwarts. He built the Saraswathi Mahal Library in Tanjore, which contains valuable books and manuscripts. He patronized art and culture.
Question 21
The principality of Surat came under British protection as early as
A
1750
B
1751
C
1759
D
1760
Question 21 Explanation: 
Explanation: The principality of Surat came under British protection as early as in 1759.
Question 22
Who Signed Treaty with British to be under the Control of British in Karnatak Region?
A
Ali Hussain
B
Umdat-ul-Umara
C
Azim-ud-daulah
D
None of the above
Question 22 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Nawab, Umadat-ul-Umara was an incompetent ruler noted for his extravagance and misrule. He died in the middle of 1801 and his son, Ali Hussain became the Nawab. Wellesley asked him to retire with a liberal pension leaving the administration to the English. Since he refused, Wellesley signed a treaty with Azim-ud daulah, the nephew of the deceased Nawab in 1801. Accordingly the entire military and civil administration of the Karnatak came under the British.
Question 23

When was the Fourth Mysore War Took place?

A
1798
B
1799
C
1800
D
1801
Question 23 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Fourth Mysore War Started on the Year 1799.
Question 24
The Jacobian Club was started and the flag of the French Republic was hoisted at
A
Mysore
B
Srirangapattinam
C
Dharmapuri
D
Dindigul
Question 24 Explanation: 
Explanation: At Srirangapattinam, a Jacobian Club was started and the flag of the French Republic was hoisted. The tree of Liberty was also planted.when Napoleon came to power, Tipu received a friendly letter from Napoleon (who was in Egypt at that time).
Question 25
Tipu Sultan Received a Friendly Letter from
A
Wellesley
B
Napolean
C
Marathas
D
Nawab of Oudh
Question 25 Explanation: 
Explanation: Later, when Napoleon came to power, Tipu received a friendly letter from Napoleon (who was in Egypt at that time).
Question 26
Consider the Following regarding Fourth Mysore War.
  • 1] Wellesley prepared for a war against Mysore. As a part of his strategy, Wellesley tried to revive the Triple Alliance of 1790 with the Marathas. They accepted the Alliance.
  • 2] Then, Subsidiary Alliance with the Nizam was concluded by the British and as a consequence, the French force at Hyderabad was disbanded.
A
Only 2 is True
B
Only 1 is True
C
Both are False
D
Both are True
Question 26 Explanation: 
Explanation: Wellesley reached Calcutta with a mind already filled with fear of Napoleon. Therefore, he prepared for a war against Mysore. As a part of his strategy, Wellesley tried to revive the Triple Alliance of 1790 with the Marathas. His his proposal was not accepted by the Marathas, they promised to remain neutral. However, a Subsidiary Alliance with the Nizam was concluded by the British and the French force at Hyderabad was disbanded.
Question 27
Who Lead the Bombay army against Mysore?
A
Captain Popham
B
General Stuart
C
Arthur Wellesley
D
Col. Gillespie
Question 27 Explanation: 
Explanation: The war was short and decisive. As planned, the Bombay army under General Stuart invaded Mysore from the west.
Question 28
Who Led the Madras Army against Tipu Sultan in Mysore?
A
Cap. Popham
B
General Stuart
C
Arthur Wellesley
D
Col. Gillespie
Question 28 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Madras army, which was led by the Governor-General’s brother, Arthur Wellesley, forced Tipu to retreat to his capital Srirangapattinam. Although severely wounded, he fought till his capital Srirangapattinam was captured and he himself was shot dead.
Question 29
Who was Made as the Ruler of Mysore after Tipu Sultan?
A
Krishnaraja III
B
Krishnaraja II
C
Nawab of Oudh
D
Puranaiya
Question 29 Explanation: 
Explanation: With the fall of Tipu Sultan the kingdom of Mysore fell at the feet of Wellesley. He restored Hindu rule at the central part of the kingdom. A five year old boy, Krishnaraja III, a descendant of the dethroned Hindu Raja, was enthroned at Mysore, which became the capital almost after two hundred years.
Question 30
The Remaining Parts of the Mysore Kingdom Were Divided between
A
Nawab and English
B
Marathas and English
C
Raja of Arcot and English
D
Nizam and English
Question 30 Explanation: 
Explanation: The remaining parts of the kingdom were divided between the British and the Nizam.
Question 31
Who were the Only Power remained outside the Subsidiary System?
A
Mughals
B
Marathas
C
Nizam
D
None of above
Question 31 Explanation: 
Explamation: The only power that remained outside the purview of the subsidiary system was the Marathas. Nana Fadnavis provided the leadership to the Marathas. He was responsible for the preservation of independence of his country from the onslaught of the British.
Question 32
Who Signed the Treaty of Bassein with the British?
A
Peshwa Baji rao II
B
Nana Fadnavis
C
Holkar
D
Schindia
Question 32 Explanation: 
Explanation: Peshwa Baji Rao II was in great danger, so he fled to Bassein where he signed the Treaty of Bassein with the British in 1802. It was a subsidiary treaty and the Peshwa was recognized as the head of the Maratha kingdom. Although it was nominal, the treaty was considered the crowning triumph of Wellesley’s Subsidiary System.
Question 33
The Maratha’s Considered Which treaty as their Surrender of Independence?
A
Treaty of Surat
B
Treaty of Purandhar
C
Treaty of Bassein
D
Treaty of Pondicherry
Question 33 Explanation: 
Explanation: In accordance with this document, the foreign policy of the Marathas came under British control and therefore any action of the Maratha chiefs against the British was successfully prevented. That is the reason why the Marathas considered the treaty of Bassein as a document of surrendering their independence.
Question 34
The second Maratha War took place between the years
A
1803-1806
B
1803-1805
C
1801-1805
D
1800-1801
Question 34 Explanation: 
Explanation: Daulat Rao Scindia and Raghoji Bhonsle took the Treaty of Bassein as an insult to the national honour of the Marathas. Soon the forces of both the chieftains were united and they crossed the river Narmada. Wellesley seized this opportunity and declared war in August 1803.
Question 35
The Treaty of Deogon was Signed between the Forces of
A
Bhonsle and Wellesley
B
Holkar and Wellesley
C
Schindia and Wellesley
D
Peshwa and Wellesley
Question 35 Explanation: 
Explanation: Arthur Wellesley captured Ahmadnagar in August 1803 and defeated the combined forces of Scindia and Bhonsle at Assaye near Aurangabad. Subsequently, Arthur Wellesley carried the war into Bhonsle’s territory and completely defeated the Maratha forces on the plains of Argaon. As a result, the Treaty of Deogaon was signed between Bhonsle and Wellesley.
Question 36
The Scindia signed a Subsidiary Treaty with British Known as
A
Treaty of Surji
B
Treaty of Purandhar
C
Treaty of Bassein
D
Treaty of Surji-Arjungaon
Question 36 Explanation: 
Treaty of Surji-Arjungaon
Question 37
Which Maratha Remained aloof during British’s War on Bhonsle and scindia?
A
Holkar
B
Peshwa
C
Scindia
D
Nayaks
Question 37 Explanation: 
Explanation: During the war against Bhonsle and Scindia, Holkar remained aloof because he was Scindia’s enemy. However, when Wellesley offered an alliance, Holkar made extreme demands. This made Wellesley to declare war against Holkar. The campaign against Holkar was well-organised but the English generals for the first time committed blunders. Holkar remained unsubdued.
Question 38
What Paved a Way for Formation of Madras Presidency?
A
Annexation of Karnatak and Tanjore
B
Annexation of Tanjore and Hyderabad
C
Annexation of Dindigul and Tanjore
D
None of the Above
Question 38 Explanation: 
Explanation: Wellesley located the weak spots of the Indian powers and applied his political technique (namely Subsidiary Alliance). By the annexation of Karnatak and Tanjore he paved the way for the formation of the Madras Presidency.
Question 39
Who was called the maker of the erstwhile Madras Presidency and the creator of the Province of Agra?
A
Wellesley
B
Hastings
C
Cornwallis
D
George Barlow
Question 39 Explanation: 
Explanation: Wellesley rightly deserves to the maker of the erstwhile Madras Presidency and the creator of the Province of Agra.
Question 40
Wellesley turned the East India Company from a trading corporation into a
A
Army Power
B
Imperial Power
C
British Empire
D
Superior Power
Question 40 Explanation: 
Explanation: “He turned the East India Company from a trading corporation into an imperial power”.
Question 41
Which Mutiny was Occurred in George Barlow’s Reign as Governor General?
A
Trichy Ordinance
B
Vellore Mutiny
C
Sepoy Mutiny
D
Marudhu Brothers Mutiny
Question 42
Which Mutiny was Occurred in George Barlow’s Reign as Governor General?
A
Trichy Ordinance
B
Vellore Mutiny
C
Sepoy Mutiny
D
Marudhu Brothers Mutiny
Question 42 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Vellore Mutiny of 1806 took place during Barlow’s administration.
Question 43
Who Concluded Treaty of Amritsar with Ranjit singh of Punjab?
A
Wellesley
B
George Barlow
C
Lord Minto
D
John Shore
Question 43 Explanation: 
Explanation: Barlow was succeeded by Lord Minto (1807-13) who concluded the Treaty of Amritsar with Ranjit Singh of Punjab in 1809.
Question 44
The Charter Act of 1813 was Passed during the Period of
A
Lord Hastings
B
Lord Minto
C
Lord Benttick
D
Lord Dalhousie
Question 44 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Charter Act of 1813 was passed during Minto’s period.
Question 45
Match the Following
  1. Ranjit singh                 -        Treaty of Deogaon
  2. Bhonsle             -        Treaty of Amritsar
  3. Peshwa Baji rao -        Treaty of Bassien
  4. Nana Fadnavis    -        Great Maratha Leader
A
2 1 4 3
B
2 1 3 4
C
1 2 3 4
D
4 1 2 3
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