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Modern Indian History Part 2 in English

Modern Indian History Part 2 in English

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Question 1
Who Succeeded Warren Hastings as Governor-General in 1786?
A
Lord Pittsburg
B
Lord Canning
C
Lord Cornwallis
D
Lord Dalhousie
Question 1 Explanation: 
Explanation: Lord Cornwallis, a warrior-statesman, succeeded Warren Hastings as Governor General in 1786. He belonged to an influential and aristocratic family which had wider political connections
Question 2
Lord Cornwallis Was Close Friend of Prime Minister Pitt and Dandas Who was a
A
Assistant Governor-General
B
Executive General
C
Member of Board of Control
D
Parliament Member.
Question 2 Explanation: 
Explanation: He was also a close friend of Prime Minister Pit and of Dundas, the most influential member of the Board of Control.
Question 3
During American War of Independence, Lord Cornwallis Surrendered before Americans at
A
York town
B
Ontario
C
Washington
D
Texas
Question 3 Explanation: 
Explanation: Cornwallis distinguished himself as a remarkable soldier in the American War of Independence. Although he surrendered at YorkTown in 1781 before the American troops, his reputation was not spoiled.
Question 4
John Shore, James Grant, and Sir William Jones were Worked under Cornwallis as
A
Advisory Members
B
Subordinates
C
Board of Control
D
None of above
Question 4 Explanation: 
Explanation: It was his good fortune that he had an excellent team of subordinates comprising John Shore, James Grant, and Sir William Jones. Although Cornwallis commenced his work under beneficial circumstances, he had to carry out his policy with caution.
Question 5
The Parliament Amended Which Act in 1786 to give Extraordinary Legal powers to Cornwallis?
A
Regulating Act of 1773
B
Pits India act of 1784
C
Dual Government act
D
None of above.
Question 5 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Parliament was prepared to give him extraordinary legal powers to carry out radical reforms in the administration of Bengal. It amended Pit’s India Act in 1786 so as enable him to overrule the decision of the majority of his council, if necessary.
Question 6
Which Exhibited the military strength of Mysore, exposed English weaknesses?
A
Treaty of Madras
B
Haider Ali’s Win over Col.Baillie
C
Treaty of Mangalore
D
Treaty of Srirangapattinam.
Question 6 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Treaty of Mangalore (1784) exhibited the military strength of Mysore, exposed English weaknesses and increased Tipu’s strength. Like his father he wanted to eliminate the English from India.
Question 7
Tipu Sultan made attempts to seek the help of Which of these countries?
A
Portugal and France
B
France and Turkey
C
Dutch and Japan
D
Germany
Question 7 Explanation: 
Explanation: Tipu made attempts to seek the help of France and Turkey by sending envoys to those countries.
Question 8
British Formed a Tripartite Alliance against Tipu in With
A
Nizam and Marathas
B
French and Nizam
C
Nawab and Marathas
D
Nawab and Mughals
Question 8 Explanation: 
Explanation: In 1789, the British concluded a tripartite alliance with the Nizam and the Marathas against Tipu.
Question 9
Consider the Following regarding causes of Second Mysore War:
  1. Tipu Sultan strengthened his position by undertaking various internal reforms.This created worries to the British, the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Marathas.
  2. He also expanded his territories at the cost of his neighbours, particularly the Raja of Travancore, who was an ally of the British.
  3. Tipu made attempts to seek the help of France and Turkey by sending envoys to countries.
A
Only Statements 1 and 3 are true.
B
Only Statements 1 and 2 are true.
C
All are True.
D
Only 3 is True.
Question 9 Explanation: 
Explanation: The chief causes for the Third Mysore War were: Tipu Sultan strengthened his position by undertaking various internal reforms.This created worries to the British, the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Marathas. Moreover, Tipu made attempts to seek the help of France and Turkey by sending envoys to those countries. He also expanded his territories at the cost of his neighbours, particularly the Raja of Travancore, who was an ally of the British. In 1789, the British concluded a tripartite alliance with the Nizam and the Marathas against Tipu.
Question 10
When was the Second Anglo Mysore war Finally broke out?
A
May 1789
B
May 1790
C
April 1791
D
April 1788
Question 10 Explanation: 
Explanation: War broke out in May 1790 between the English and Tipu.
Question 11
The Second Anglo Mysore War was Fought in how many Phases?
A
Two phases
B
One Phase
C
Three Phases
D
Four Phases
Question 11 Explanation: 
Explanation: War broke out in May 1790 between the English and Tipu. It was fought in three phases.
Question 12
Who Invaded Mysore during the First Phase of the War against Tipu?
A
Col. Ballie
B
Col. Popham
C
Col. Meadows
D
Col. Gillespie
Question 12 Explanation: 
Explanation: The first phase commenced when Medows, the Governor of Madras, initially directed the campaign to invade Mysore but Tipu’s rapid movements halted the progress of the English troops and inflicted heavy losses on them.
Question 13
Who assumed the Command For English during the Second Phase of the 2nd Mysore war?
A
Col. Uptown
B
Col. Gillespie
C
Lord Cornwallis
D
Meadows
Question 13 Explanation: 
Explanation: Cornwallis himself assumed command in December 1790. This was the beginning of the second phase of the war. Marching from Vellore, he captured Bangalore in March 1791, but Tipu’s brilliant strategies prolonged the war and Cornwallis was forced to retreat to Mangalore due to lack of provisions.
Question 14
Who helped British during the Third Phase of the War against Tipu?
A
The Nizam
B
The Marathas
C
Both Nizam and Marathas
D
Mughals
Question 14 Explanation: 
Explanation: The third phase of the war began when timely aid from the Marathas with plenty of provisions helped him to resume his campaign and marched against Srirangapattinam again.
Question 15
The British Forces Captured Srirangapattinam from Tipu in the Year
A
Feb 1791
B
Dec 1790
C
Jan 1792
D
Feb 1792
Question 15 Explanation: 
Explanation: the English forces occupied the hill forts near Srirangapattinam and seized it in February 1792. Tipu Sultan concluded the Treaty of Srirangapattinam with the British.
Question 16
Consider the Following Regarding Treaty of Srirangapattinam:
  1. Tipu had to give up half his dominions.
  2. Tipu has to Release all the Prisoners of English.
  3. He had to pay a war indemnity of three crore rupees and surrender two of his sons as hostages to the English.
A
All are False
B
Only 2 is True
C
Both 1 and 3 are True
D
All are True.
Question 16 Explanation: 
Explanation: The terms of the treaty were as follows: Tipu had to give up half his dominions. He had to pay a war indemnity of three crore rupees and surrender two of his sons as hostages to the English. Both sides agreed to release the prisoners of war.
Question 17
After the Treaty British Secured Malabar Coast and the Parts of
A
Baramahal district and Dindugal.
B
Kodagu and Mangalore
C
Arcot
D
All parts of Mysore territory
Question 17 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Treaty of Srirangapattinam is a significant event in the history of South India. The British secured a large territory on the Malabar Coast. In Addition to that they obtained the Baramahal district and Dindugal.
Question 18
Which of the following is not a reform done by Lord Cornwallis?
A
Administrative reform
B
Revenue Reforms
C
Railway reforms
D
Judicial and Other Reforms
Question 18 Explanation: 
Explanation:The internal reforms of Cornwallis can be studied under three main heads. Administrative reforms Revenue reforms or Permanent Settlement . Judicial and other reforms
Question 19
Which of the Following is considered to be the Greatest Work of Lord Cornwallis?
A
Purification of Civil Service
B
Judicial Reforms
C
Introduction of Revenue system
D
Railway Lines
Question 19 Explanation: 
Explanation:The greatest work of Cornwallis was the purification of the civil service by the employment of capable and honest public servants.
Question 20
Who Laid the Foundation of Indian Civil service?
A
Lord Wellesly
B
Lord Cornwallis
C
Lord Hastings
D
Lord Canning
Question 20 Explanation: 
Explanation: Cornwallis inaugurated the policy of making appointments mainly on the basis of merit thereby laying the foundation of the Indian Civil Service.
Question 21
Consider the Following regarding Cornwallis
  1. He found that the servants of the Company were underpaid. But they received very high commissions on revenues.
  2. Cornwallis, who aimed at cleansing the administration, abolished the vicious system of paying small salaries and allowing enormous perquisites.
A
Both are False
B
Only One is True
C
Only 2 is True
D
Both are true
Question 21 Explanation: 
Explanation: He found that the servants of the Company were underpaid. But they received very high commissions on revenues. In addition to that they conducted forbidden and profitable private trade in the names of relatives and friends. Cornwallis, who aimed at cleansing the administration, abolished the vicious system of paying small salaries and allowing enormous perquisites.
Question 22
Who Persuaded Directors of Company to pay good salaries to employees?
A
Prime minister Pitt
B
Parliament
C
Cornwallis
D
Dandas
Question 22 Explanation: 
Explanation: Cornwallis persuaded the Directors of the Company to pay handsome salaries to the Company servants in order that they might free themselves from commercial and corrupting activities.
Question 23
What did Cornwallis did to Cut down Extravagances?
A
Dismissal of officers
B
Treasury
C
Abolishment of Surplus Posts
D
Strict Revenue policy
Question 23 Explanation: 
Explanation: To cut down on extravagances, he abolished a number of surplus posts.
Question 24
Lord Cornwallis Separated the branches of services in to
A
2 branches
B
3 branches
C
4 branches
D
5 branches.
Question 24 Explanation: 
Explanation:Another major reform that Cornwallis introduced was the separation of the three branches of services.
Question 25
Lord Cornwallis’s Three branches of services are
A
Railway, Judicial, Police
B
Commercial, Judicial, revenue
C
Revenue, Police, Administration
D
Railway, Judicial, Commercial
Question 25 Explanation: 
Explanation:Another major reform that Cornwallis introduced was the separation of the three branches of service, namely commercial, judicial and revenue.
Question 26
who were deprived of their Judicial powers by separation of branches?
A
Police and King pins
B
King pins and Collectors
C
Collectors and Revenue officers
D
Magistrate Judges .
Question 26 Explanation: 
Explanation: The collectors, the king-pins of the administrative system were deprived of their judicial powers and their work became merely the collection of revenue.
Question 27
Whose help did Cornwallis secured for Judicial reforms?
A
Sir John shore
B
Thomas Munro
C
Hastings
D
Sir William Jones
Question 27 Explanation: 
Explanation: In the work of judicial reorganization, Cornwallis secured the services of Sir William Jones, who was a judge and a great scholar.
Question 28
Which of the Following courts were Completely reorganized?
A
Civil and Magistrate Courts
B
Criminal and Appellate courts
C
Criminal Courts
D
Civil and Criminal Courts
Question 28 Explanation: 
Explanation: Civil and criminal courts were completely reorganized.
Question 29
Sadar Diwani Adalat and Sadar Nizamat Adalat were functioning at
A
Delhi
B
Bombay
C
Culcutta
D
Madras
Question 29 Explanation: 
Explanation: At the top of the judicial system, the highest civil and criminal courts of appeal, namely Sadar Diwani Adalat and Sadar Nizamat Adalat were functioning at Calcutta.
Question 30
Sadar Diwani Adalat and Sadar Nizamat Adalat were Presided over by
A
Supreme Court Judge
B
Chief Justice
C
Governor -General and his Council.
D
None of above.
Question 30 Explanation: 
Explanation: Sadar Diwani Adalat and Sadar Nizamat Adalat were functioning at Calcutta. Both of them were presided over by the Governor - General and his Council.
Question 31
How many Provincial Courts were Set up under Judicial reorganization
A
3
B
6
C
4
D
5
Question 31 Explanation: 
Explanation: There were four provincial courts of appeal at Calcutta, Dacca, Murshidabad and Patna.
Question 32
The Provincial Courts were Administered under
A
Three European judges assisted by Indian advisers
B
Only European Judges
C
Two European judges and a Indian advisers.
D
Indian Judges.
Question 32 Explanation: 
Explanation: There were four provincial courts of appeal at Calcutta, Dacca, Murshidabad and Patna, each under three European judges assisted by Indian advisers.
Question 33
Consider the Following
  1. District and City courts functioned each under a European judge.
  2. Every district was provided with two courts.
  3. Cornwallis had taken away from the collectors of their judicial powers and made them solely responsible for the collection of revenue.So, District Judges were appointed.
A
Only One and Two are True
B
Only one and Three are true
C
Only 3 is true.
D
All are True.
Question 33 Explanation: 
Explanation: District and City courts functioned each under a European judge. Every district was provided with a court. As already stated, Cornwallis had taken away from the collectors of their judicial powers and made them solely responsible for the collection of revenue. As a result, District Judges were appointed.
Question 34
Who were Appointed to all courts at Bottom of Judicial systems?
A
Indian Judges
B
Lawyers
C
Judicial Subordinates
D
Indian Officials
Question 34 Explanation: 
Explanation: Indian judges or Munsiffs were appointed to all the courts at the bottom of The judicial system.
Question 35
Which Law was followed in Criminal Cases?
A
Hindu Laws
B
Muslim Laws
C
HIndu and Muslim laws
D
European Laws
Question 35 Explanation: 
Explanation: In criminal cases, Muslim law was improved and followed.
Question 36
Which laws were followed in Civil cases?
A
Hindu Laws
B
Muslim Laws
C
Hindu and Muslim laws
D
European Laws
Question 36 Explanation: 
Explanation: In civil cases, Hindu and Muslim laws were followed according to the religion of the litigants.
Question 37
Which of the Following is True.
  1. Cornwallis was merciful by temperament.
  2. He hated barbarous punishments and abolished those like mutilation and trial by ordeal.
A
Only One is True
B
Only Two is true
C
Both are False
D
Both are True
Question 37 Explanation: 
Explanation: Cornwallis was merciful by temperament. He hated barbarous punishments and abolished those like mutilation and trial by ordeal.
Question 38
Cornwallis Prepared Comprehensive Administrative code with help of his Collegue
A
William Jones
B
George Burlow
C
Thomas Munroe
D
John Shore
Question 38 Explanation: 
Explanation: With the help of his colleague, George Barlow, Cornwallis prepared a comprehensive code, covering the whole field of administration’, judicial, police, commercial and fiscal.
Question 39
The Comprehensive Code was Based Upon the Principles of
A
Montesquieu, “the Separation of Powers”
B
The Executive Administration Popular in West.
C
Britain Law of Code
D
None of above.
Question 39 Explanation: 
Explanation: This Code was based upon the principle of Montesquieu, “the Separation of Powers”, which was popular in the West in 18th century. In order to curb undue exercise of authority Cornwallis made all officials answerable to the courts.
Question 40
Cornwallis is Better Known to be Which than the Administrator
A
Executive
B
Law Maker
C
Law Giver
D
Judicial Reformer
Question 40 Explanation: 
Explanation: Cornwallis was better known as a law giver than as an administrator.
Question 41
Who Controlled the Police Under Cornwallis’s Police Reforms?
A
Governor General
B
Collectors
C
District Judges
D
Board of control
Question 41 Explanation: 
Explanation: The effective implementation of judicial reforms required the reorganization of police administration. The District Judge controlled the police.
Question 42
How are the Districts divided under the Police reforms?
A
Vattas
B
Thanas
C
Crime Circles
D
None of the above
Question 42 Explanation: 
Explanation:Each district was divided into thanas or police circles each of which was about 20 square miles.
Question 43
Who was in incharge of Thanas or Police circles?
A
Daroga
B
Diwan
C
Head Constables
D
Magistrate Judge.
Question 43 Explanation: 
Explanation: It was placed under an Indian officer called the daroga who was ably assisted by many constables.
Question 44
According to Marshmann, enjoyed almost unlimited power of extortion and became the scourge of the country”?
A
District Judges
B
Darogas
C
Collectors
D
Kingpins
Question 44 Explanation: 
Explanation: The police organization was not effective. In the words of Marshman, ‘the daroga enjoyed almost unlimited power of extortion and became the scourge of the country”.
Question 45
Cornwallis reformed the Board of Trade and Eradicated Corrupt practices With help of
A
George Burlow
B
Charles Grant
C
John shore
D
William Jones
Question 45 Explanation: 
Explanation:Cornwallis reformed the Board of Trade which managed the commercial investments of the Company. With the aid of Charles Grant, he eradicated numerous abuses and corrupt practices.
Question 46
Who is Regarded as the Parent of Indian Administrative service?
A
George Burlow
B
Cornwallis
C
Charles Grant
D
Hastings
Question 46 Explanation: 
Explanation: Although there were defects in his Permanent Settlement of Land Revenue, his administrative and judicial reforms were solid achievements. He may be regarded the parent of the Indian Administrative Service and founder of an efficient and clean system of administration.
Question 47
Who Succeeded Cornwallis as the Governor General of India ?
A
Sir John shore
B
Lord William Benttick
C
Lord Hastings
D
Lord Dalhousie
Question 47 Explanation: 
Explanation: Sir John Shore (1793-98) succeeded Cornwallis as Governor General and his administration was uneventful.
Question 48
Consider the Following
  1. Cornwallis, a blue-blooded aristocrat, was an ardent patriot. He discharged his duties fearlessly, and his life was an embodiment of ‘duty and sacrifice’.
  2. He perceived the danger of Tipu’s growing power and curtailed it by boldly discarding the policy of nonintervention.
  3. As an administrator, he consolidated the Company’s position in India and started the tradition of efficient and pure administration.
A
Only One is True
B
Only one and Two are True
C
Only One and Three are True
D
All are True.
Question 48 Explanation: 
Explanation: Cornwallis, a blue-blooded aristocrat, was an ardent patriot. He discharged his duties fearlessly, and his life was an embodiment of ‘duty and sacrifice’. He perceived the danger of Tipu’s growing power and curtailed it by boldly discarding the policy of nonintervention. As an administrator, he consolidated the Company’s position in India and started the tradition of efficient and pure administration.
Question 49
Lord Cornwallis Hailed from a Family of
A
Working People
B
Royal Family
C
Aristocrats
D
None of above
Question 49 Explanation: 
Explanation: He belonged to an influential and aristocratic family which had wider political connections.
Question 50
Lord Cornwallis Increased the Remuneration Of Workers For
A
Hard Work
B
Honest Service
C
Spying
D
Festivals
Question 50 Explanation: 
Festivals
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