Modern Indian History Part 6 in English
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Lord Dalhousie Became the Youngest Governor general at the age of
Question 1 Explanation:
Explanation: Lord Dalhousie was the youngest Governor- General of India when he assumed charge at the age of 36 in 1848.
When was Dalhousie offered the Governor generalship of India?
Question 2 Explanation:
Explanation: His early career was remarkable. He studied in Christ Church, Oxford. He became Member of Parliament and enjoyed the confidence of Sir Robert Peel, the Prime Minister of England. He did much for the progress of railway construction in England as the president of the Board of Trade. In 1847, he was offered the Governor- Generalship of India which he accepted and arrived at Calcutta in January 1848.
The Main Objective was Lord Dalhousie was
Welfare of the state
Question 3 Explanation:
Explanation: The most important aspect of Dalhousie’s administration is related to “the great drama of annexation”. His aims for expanding the Company’s territories were administrative, imperial, commercial and financial. Although he used different reasons for annexation, his main objective was to end misrule in the annexed states, as in the case of the annexation of Oudh.
Lord Dalhousie’s Great Annexation includes the territory of
Question 4 Explanation:
Explanation: He aimed at providing the beneficent administration to the people of the annexed states. At the same time he had in his mind the advantages of annexation to the British such as imperial defence, commercial and financial benefits. Though Dalhousie did not come to India to follow a policy of annexation, but he was able to consolidate British rule in India by his policy of annexation. His great annexations include the Punjab, Lower Burma, most of the Central Provinces and Oudh.
When was Punjab Annexed by Dalhousie?
Question 5 Explanation:
Explanation: At the end of the second Anglo-Sikh War in 1849, Punjab was annexed by Dalhousie. He organized the administration of Punjab very efficiently.
Dalhousie divided the Provinces into district and made to controlled by
Question 6 Explanation:
Explanation: He organized the administration of Punjab very efficiently. The province was divided into small districts under the control of District Officers who were called Deputy Commissioners. These commissioners with the help of their assistants came into close contact with people.
Which departments were Combined by Dalhousie?
Police and Judicial
Revenue and Judicial
Administration and Police
Judicial and Administration
Question 7 Explanation:
Explanation: Revenue and judicial departments were combined to secure concentration of power and responsibility. The laws and procedure were simplified in accordance with the custom of the people.
The overall Administration of Punjab was entrusted to
Question 8 Explanation:
Explanation: The overall administration of Punjab was entrusted to the Chief Commissioner. In fact, the Governor-General was the virtual ruler of Punjab. The services of Lawrence brothers in the administration of Punjab were notable.
Who became the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab in 1859?
Question 9 Explanation:
Explanation: Within three years perfect order was restored in the province. It was efficiently defended from internal and external enemies. In 1859, Sir John Lawrence became the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab.
Which Prompted the Disputes between British and Burmese in Rangoon?
Question 10 Explanation:
Explanation: In 1852, commercial disputes in Rangoon prompted new hostilities between the British and the Burmese.
When was the Lower Burma Annexed by Lord Dalhousie?
Question 11 Explanation:
Explanation: After the end of the second Burmese War (1852), Dalhousie annexed Lower Burma with its capital at Pegu.
Who was appointed as the Governor of Burma Province?
Major Arthur Phayre
Question 12 Explanation:
Explanation: Major Arthur Phayre was appointed the Commissioner of the new province. His administration also proved to be efficient. The annexation of Lower Burma proved beneficial to Britain.
Which Port became one of the Biggest Port in Asia?
Question 13 Explanation:
Explanation: Rangoon, Britain’s most valuable acquisition from the war became one of the biggest ports in Asia.
Lord Dalhousie Annexed the Territories by the Means of
Peaceful and Alliance
None of the above
Question 14 Explanation:
Explanation: Dalhousie also took advantage of every opportunity to acquire territory by peaceful means. The East India Company was rapidly becoming the predominant power in India. It had concluded alliances with Indian rulers. It promised to support them and their heirs in return for various concessions. Although this type of agreement favoured the British, Dalhousie sought to acquire even more power.
Lord Dalhousie Introduced a Policy by Which the Rulers Cannot adopt Sons as their Heir called as
Doctrine of Lapse
None of the Above
Question 15 Explanation:
Explanation: According to the Hindu Law, one can adopt a son in case of no male heir to inherit the property. The question arose whether a Hindu ruler, holding his state subordinate to the paramount power, could adopt a son to succeed his kingdom. It was customary for a ruler without a natural heir to ask the British Government whether he could adopt a son to succeed him. According to Dalhousie, if such permission was refused by the British, the state would “lapse” and thereby become part of the British India. Dalhousie maintained that there was a difference in principle between the right to inherit private property and the right to govern. This principle was called the Doctrine of Lapse.
Which was the First state to be Annexed by Doctrine of Lapse?
Question 16 Explanation:
Explanation: The Doctrine of Lapse was applied by Dalhousie to Satara and it was annexed in 1848.
Jhansi and Nagpur Were Annexed by Doctrine of Lapse in the Year
Question 17 Explanation:
Explanation: Jhansi and Nagpur were annexed in 1854. As a result of these annexations, a large part of the Central Provinces came under the British rule. The new province was governed by a Chief Commissioner from 1861.
When was the Doctrine of Lapse Withdrawn?
Question 18 Explanation:
Explanation: Although the Doctrine of Lapse cannot be regarded as illegal, its application by Dalhousie was disliked by Indian princes. The advantages of the annexations of Satara, Jhansi and Nagpur were substantial to the British. Dalhousie was blamed for using the Doctrine of Lapse as an instrument in pursuing his policy of annexation. After the Mutiny of 1857, the doctrine of lapse was withdrawn.
Who reported the Misrule of Nawab of Oudh?
Question 19 Explanation:
Explanation: The British relations with the state of Oudh go back to the Treaty of Allahabad in 1765. Right from Warren Hastings, many Governor-Generals advised the Nawab of Oudh to improve the administration. But, misrule continued there and the Nawab was under the assumption that the British would not annex Oudh because of his loyalty to them. In 1851, William Sleeman, Resident at Lucknow, reported on the “spectacle of human misery and careless misrule”. But Sleeman was against the policy of annexing Oudh.
When was the Oudh was annexed by Dalhousie?
Question 20 Explanation:
Explanation: After surveying the situation in Oudh, Dalhousie annexed it in 1856. Nawab Wajid Ali was granted a pension of 12 lakhs of rupees per year. The annexed territory came under the control of a Chief Commissioner.
Consider the Following regarding Annexation of oudh.
- 1] The annexation offended the Muslim elite.
- 2] More dangerous was the effect on the British army’s Indian troops, many of whom came from Oudh, They had occupied a privileged position before its annexation.
- 3] Under the British Government they were treated as equal to British Citizens.
Only 1 is False
Only 2 is False
Only 3 is False
All are False
Question 21 Explanation:
Explanation: Dalhousie’s annexation of Oudh, the last one among his annexations, created great political danger. The annexation offended the Muslim elite. More dangerous was the effect on the British army’s Indian troops, many of whom came from Oudh, They had occupied a privileged position before its annexation. Under the British Government they were treated as equals with the rest of the population. This is a loss of prestige for them. In these various ways, the annexation of Oudh contributed to the Mutiny of 1857.
Which Control system was Introduced by Dalhousie?
Province control system
Doctrine of Lapse
Question 22 Explanation:
Explanation: The appointment of a Lieutenant- Governor to Bengal enabled Dalhousie concentrate on administration. His greatest achievement was the molding of the new provinces into a modern centralized state. For the newly acquired territories, he introduced the centralized control called “Non-Regulation System”. Under this system a Commissioner was appointed for a newly acquired territory.
Dalhousie shifted the headquarters of Bengal Artillery from Calcutta to
Question 23 Explanation:
Explanation: Under military reforms Dalhousie shifted the headquarters of Bengal Artillery from Calcutta to Meerut.
Which Place was made as permanent Headquarters of Army under Dalhousie?
Question 24 Explanation:
Explanation: Shimla was made the permanent headquarters of the army.
Which introduction Created a New economic era in India?
Question 25 Explanation:
Explanation: The introduction railways in India inaugurated a new economic era. There were three major reasons for the British to take interest in its quick development. The first reason was commercial. The second main reason was administrative. The third reason was defense.
When did Dalhousie Penned the Future Railway Policies of India?
Question 26 Explanation:
Explanation: Lord Dalhousie’s contribution in the development of railways is worth commending. In 1853, he penned his Railway Minute formulating the future policy of railways in India.
Under Which system the railway companies were guaranteed a minimum interest of five percent on their investment?
The Railway Economic system
None of above
Question 27 Explanation:
Explanation: He started the “guarantee system” by which the railway companies were guaranteed a minimum interest of five percent on their investment. The government retained the right of buying the railway at the end of the period of contract.
The First Railway Line opened on 1853 connecting Bombay to
Question 28 Explanation:
Explanation: The first railway line connecting Bombay with Thane was opened in 1853.
The Railway lines Connecting Madras-Arakkonam was Opened in the Year
Question 29 Explanation:
Explanation: 1853. Railway lines connecting from Calcutta to the Raniganj coal-fields was opened in 1854 and from Madras to Arakkonam in 1856.
The First Railway Line was Opened in 1825 at
Question 30 Explanation:
Explanation: The first railway in the world was opened in 1825 in England.
Who was Appointed as the Superintendent of Telegraph department?
Question 31 Explanation:
Explanation: Similarly, the use of Telegraph brought marvelous changes in communication system. In India, Lord Dalhousie’s contribution in this respect is commendable. In 1852, O’Shaughnessy was appointed the Superintendent of Telegraph Department.
How many Miles of Telegraph Lines were Laid before Dalhousie’s departure?
Question 32 Explanation:
Explanation: Main cities of the country viz., Calcutta, Peshawar, Bombay and Madras were telegraphically connected. About 4000 miles long Telegraph lines were laid before the departure of Dalhousie.
Which System was Proved as a Boon of communication for British in 1857 Mutiny?
Question 33 Explanation:
Explanation: During the 1857 Revolt, the system of telegraphic communication proved a boon for the English and the military value of Dalhousie’s creation was much realized at that time.
Which was Considered as the Intellectual Chapter of India?
Woods Educational Despatch
Question 34 Explanation:
Explanation: Dalhousie had also evinced in the development of education. The educational Despatch of Sir Charles Wood (1854) was considered the “Intellectual Charter of India”. It provided an outline for the comprehensive scheme of education at primary, secondary and collegiate levels.
The Universities of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras were founded in the year
Question 35 Explanation:
Explanation: Dalhousie fully accepted the views of Charles Wood and took steps to carry out the new scheme. Departments of Public Instructions were organized. The Universities of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras were founded in 1857.
Before the period of Dalhousie, the job of the Public Works Department was done by the
Question 36 Explanation:
Explanation: Before the period of Dalhousie, the job of the Public Works Department was done by the Military Board. Dalhousie created a separate Public Works Department and allotted more funds for cutting canals and roads.
Who Laid the Foundation of Engineering services in India?
Question 37 Explanation:
Explanation: The Upper Ganges Canal was completed in 1854. Many bridges were constructed. By modernizing the Public Works Department Dalhousie laid the foundations of the engineering service in India.
Lord Dalhousie Left India in the Year
Question 38 Explanation:
Explanation: Dalhousie left India in 1856. The outbreak of Mutiny in the following year led to a severe criticism of his policy of annexation.
When was Lord Dalhousie Died?
Question 39 Explanation:
Explanation: Exhausted by his years of overwork in India, he fell ill and died in 1860. There is no doubt that Dalhousie was an able administrator and visionary. He increased the extent of British India and consolidated it. He inaugurated an era of progress on many sides.
Lord Dalhousie was Called as the Father of
Railways and Postal
Railways and Telegraphs
Question 40 Explanation:
Explanation: He was the father of Railways and Telegraphs.
Lord Dalhousie was also Called as
Lord of Postal reforms
Maker of Modern India
The Intellectual Governor
The Visionary of India
Question 41 Explanation:
Explanation: Dalhousie introduced the process of modernization of India. Hence, he is hailed as “the maker of modern India”.
Match the Following
- John Lawrence - Lt. Governor of Burma
- Major Arthur Phayre - Lt. Governor of Punjab
- O’Shaughnessy - Resident of Lucknow
- William Sleeman - Telegraph supenintendant
A B C D
B A C D
B A D C
A C D B
Match the Following
- Woods Despatch - 1853
- Madras University - 1857
- Satara Annexation - 1854
- First Railway line - 1848
C B A D
C B D A
A B D C
A B C D
Lord Dalhousie Accepted the Governor Generalship and Arrived to
Calcutta at 1848
Bombay at 1848
Madras at 1848
Meerut at 1848
Question 44 Explanation:
Explanation: In 1847, he was offered the Governor- Generalship of India which he accepted and arrived at Calcutta in January 1848.
Lord Dalhousie Passed the Post office act in the Year
Question 45 Explanation:
Explanation: The foundation of modern postal system was laid down by Lord Dalhousie. A new Post Office Act was passed in 1854. Consequently, irrespective of the distance over which the letter was sent, a uniform rate of half an anna per post card was charged throughout India. Postage stamps were introduced for the first time.
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