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Modern Indian History Part 6 in English

Modern Indian History Part 6 in English

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Question 1
Lord Dalhousie Became the Youngest Governor general at the age of
A
32
B
34
C
36
D
38
Question 1 Explanation: 
Explanation: Lord Dalhousie was the youngest Governor- General of India when he assumed charge at the age of 36 in 1848.
Question 2
When was Dalhousie offered the Governor generalship of India?
A
1846
B
1847
C
1848
D
1850
Question 2 Explanation: 
Explanation: His early career was remarkable. He studied in Christ Church, Oxford. He became Member of Parliament and enjoyed the confidence of Sir Robert Peel, the Prime Minister of England. He did much for the progress of railway construction in England as the president of the Board of Trade. In 1847, he was offered the Governor- Generalship of India which he accepted and arrived at Calcutta in January 1848.
Question 3
The Main Objective was Lord Dalhousie was
A
Welfare of the state
B
Administrative reforms
C
Annexation
D
Educational Policy
Question 3 Explanation: 
Explanation: The most important aspect of Dalhousie’s administration is related to “the great drama of annexation”. His aims for expanding the Company’s territories were administrative, imperial, commercial and financial. Although he used different reasons for annexation, his main objective was to end misrule in the annexed states, as in the case of the annexation of Oudh.
Question 4
Lord Dalhousie’s Great Annexation includes the territory of
A
Bombay
B
Madras
C
Lower Burma
D
Hyderabad
Question 4 Explanation: 
Explanation: He aimed at providing the beneficent administration to the people of the annexed states. At the same time he had in his mind the advantages of annexation to the British such as imperial defence, commercial and financial benefits. Though Dalhousie did not come to India to follow a policy of annexation, but he was able to consolidate British rule in India by his policy of annexation. His great annexations include the Punjab, Lower Burma, most of the Central Provinces and Oudh.
Question 5
When was Punjab Annexed by Dalhousie?
A
1848
B
1849
C
1850
D
1851
Question 5 Explanation: 
Explanation: At the end of the second Anglo-Sikh War in 1849, Punjab was annexed by Dalhousie. He organized the administration of Punjab very efficiently.
Question 6
Dalhousie divided the Provinces into district and made to controlled by
A
Commissioners
B
Deputy Commissioners.
C
Superintendents
D
Deputy Superintendents.
Question 6 Explanation: 
Explanation: He organized the administration of Punjab very efficiently. The province was divided into small districts under the control of District Officers who were called Deputy Commissioners. These commissioners with the help of their assistants came into close contact with people.
Question 7
Which departments were Combined by Dalhousie?
A
Police and Judicial
B
Revenue and Judicial
C
Administration and Police
D
Judicial and Administration
Question 7 Explanation: 
Explanation: Revenue and judicial departments were combined to secure concentration of power and responsibility. The laws and procedure were simplified in accordance with the custom of the people.
Question 8
The overall Administration of Punjab was entrusted to
A
Governor general
B
Deputy Commissioner
C
Chief Commissioner
D
Superintendent
Question 8 Explanation: 
Explanation: The overall administration of Punjab was entrusted to the Chief Commissioner. In fact, the Governor-General was the virtual ruler of Punjab. The services of Lawrence brothers in the administration of Punjab were notable.
Question 9
Who became the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab in 1859?
A
John Shore
B
John Lawrence
C
Tom Lawrence
D
Robert Peel
Question 9 Explanation: 
Explanation: Within three years perfect order was restored in the province. It was efficiently defended from internal and external enemies. In 1859, Sir John Lawrence became the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab.
Question 10
Which Prompted the Disputes between British and Burmese in Rangoon?
A
Border Disputes
B
Commercial disputes
C
Trade disputes
D
Successor dispute
Question 10 Explanation: 
Explanation: In 1852, commercial disputes in Rangoon prompted new hostilities between the British and the Burmese.
Question 11
When was the Lower Burma Annexed by Lord Dalhousie?
A
1856
B
1854
C
1852
D
1850
Question 11 Explanation: 
Explanation: After the end of the second Burmese War (1852), Dalhousie annexed Lower Burma with its capital at Pegu.
Question 12
Who was appointed as the Governor of Burma Province?
A
Tom Lawrence
B
John Lawrence
C
Major Arthur Phayre
D
Major Campbell
Question 12 Explanation: 
Explanation: Major Arthur Phayre was appointed the Commissioner of the new province. His administration also proved to be efficient. The annexation of Lower Burma proved beneficial to Britain.
Question 13
Which Port became one of the Biggest Port in Asia?
A
Pegu Port
B
Punjab Port
C
Rangoon Port
D
Calcutta Port
Question 13 Explanation: 
Explanation: Rangoon, Britain’s most valuable acquisition from the war became one of the biggest ports in Asia.
Question 14
Lord Dalhousie Annexed the Territories by the Means of
A
War
B
Peaceful and Alliance
C
Trade Agreement
D
None of the above
Question 14 Explanation: 
Explanation: Dalhousie also took advantage of every opportunity to acquire territory by peaceful means. The East India Company was rapidly becoming the predominant power in India. It had concluded alliances with Indian rulers. It promised to support them and their heirs in return for various concessions. Although this type of agreement favoured the British, Dalhousie sought to acquire even more power.
Question 15
Lord Dalhousie Introduced a Policy by Which the Rulers Cannot adopt Sons as their Heir called as
A
Subsidiary Alliance
B
Doctrine of Lapse
C
Doctrine Dispatch
D
None of the Above
Question 15 Explanation: 
Explanation: According to the Hindu Law, one can adopt a son in case of no male heir to inherit the property. The question arose whether a Hindu ruler, holding his state subordinate to the paramount power, could adopt a son to succeed his kingdom. It was customary for a ruler without a natural heir to ask the British Government whether he could adopt a son to succeed him. According to Dalhousie, if such permission was refused by the British, the state would “lapse” and thereby become part of the British India. Dalhousie maintained that there was a difference in principle between the right to inherit private property and the right to govern. This principle was called the Doctrine of Lapse.
Question 16
Which was the First state to be Annexed by Doctrine of Lapse?
A
Nagpur
B
Satara
C
Jhansi
D
Punjab
Question 16 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Doctrine of Lapse was applied by Dalhousie to Satara and it was annexed in 1848.
Question 17
Jhansi and Nagpur Were Annexed by Doctrine of Lapse in the Year
A
1851
B
1853
C
1854
D
1858
Question 17 Explanation: 
Explanation: Jhansi and Nagpur were annexed in 1854. As a result of these annexations, a large part of the Central Provinces came under the British rule. The new province was governed by a Chief Commissioner from 1861.
Question 18
When was the Doctrine of Lapse Withdrawn?
A
1856
B
1857
C
1858
D
1860
Question 18 Explanation: 
Explanation: Although the Doctrine of Lapse cannot be regarded as illegal, its application by Dalhousie was disliked by Indian princes. The advantages of the annexations of Satara, Jhansi and Nagpur were substantial to the British. Dalhousie was blamed for using the Doctrine of Lapse as an instrument in pursuing his policy of annexation. After the Mutiny of 1857, the doctrine of lapse was withdrawn.
Question 19
Who reported the Misrule of Nawab of Oudh?
A
William Sleeman
B
Dalhousie
C
Tom Lawrence
D
George Barlow
Question 19 Explanation: 
Explanation: The British relations with the state of Oudh go back to the Treaty of Allahabad in 1765. Right from Warren Hastings, many Governor-Generals advised the Nawab of Oudh to improve the administration. But, misrule continued there and the Nawab was under the assumption that the British would not annex Oudh because of his loyalty to them. In 1851, William Sleeman, Resident at Lucknow, reported on the “spectacle of human misery and careless misrule”. But Sleeman was against the policy of annexing Oudh.
Question 20
When was the Oudh was annexed by Dalhousie?
A
1860
B
1856
C
1863
D
1868
Question 20 Explanation: 
Explanation: After surveying the situation in Oudh, Dalhousie annexed it in 1856. Nawab Wajid Ali was granted a pension of 12 lakhs of rupees per year. The annexed territory came under the control of a Chief Commissioner.
Question 21
Consider the Following regarding Annexation of oudh.
  • 1] The annexation offended the Muslim elite.
  • 2] More dangerous was the effect on the British army’s Indian troops, many of whom came from Oudh, They had occupied a privileged position before its annexation.
  • 3] Under the British Government they were treated as equal to British Citizens.
A
Only 1 is False
B
Only 2 is False
C
Only 3 is False
D
All are False
Question 21 Explanation: 
Explanation: Dalhousie’s annexation of Oudh, the last one among his annexations, created great political danger. The annexation offended the Muslim elite. More dangerous was the effect on the British army’s Indian troops, many of whom came from Oudh, They had occupied a privileged position before its annexation. Under the British Government they were treated as equals with the rest of the population. This is a loss of prestige for them. In these various ways, the annexation of Oudh contributed to the Mutiny of 1857.
Question 22
Which Control system was Introduced by Dalhousie?
A
Province control system
B
Non-regulation system
C
Annexation System
D
Doctrine of Lapse
Question 22 Explanation: 
Explanation: The appointment of a Lieutenant- Governor to Bengal enabled Dalhousie concentrate on administration. His greatest achievement was the molding of the new provinces into a modern centralized state. For the newly acquired territories, he introduced the centralized control called “Non-Regulation System”. Under this system a Commissioner was appointed for a newly acquired territory.
Question 23
Dalhousie shifted the headquarters of Bengal Artillery from Calcutta to
A
Bombay
B
Delhi
C
Meerut
D
Madras
Question 23 Explanation: 
Explanation: Under military reforms Dalhousie shifted the headquarters of Bengal Artillery from Calcutta to Meerut.
Question 24
Which Place was made as permanent Headquarters of Army under Dalhousie?
A
Calcutta
B
Meerut
C
Shimla
D
Bombay
Question 24 Explanation: 
Explanation: Shimla was made the permanent headquarters of the army.
Question 25
Which introduction Created a New economic era in India?
A
Postal system
B
Railways
C
Export
D
Handlooms
Question 25 Explanation: 
Explanation: The introduction railways in India inaugurated a new economic era. There were three major reasons for the British to take interest in its quick development. The first reason was commercial. The second main reason was administrative. The third reason was defense.
Question 26
When did Dalhousie Penned the Future Railway Policies of India?
A
1852
B
1853
C
1856
D
1857
Question 26 Explanation: 
Explanation: Lord Dalhousie’s contribution in the development of railways is worth commending. In 1853, he penned his Railway Minute formulating the future policy of railways in India.
Question 27
Under Which system the railway companies were guaranteed a minimum interest of five percent on their investment?
A
Railway Minute
B
The Railway Economic system
C
Guarantee system
D
None of above
Question 27 Explanation: 
Explanation: He started the “guarantee system” by which the railway companies were guaranteed a minimum interest of five percent on their investment. The government retained the right of buying the railway at the end of the period of contract.
Question 28
The First Railway Line opened on 1853 connecting Bombay to
A
Pune
B
Thane
C
Delhi
D
Tarapur
Question 28 Explanation: 
Explanation: The first railway line connecting Bombay with Thane was opened in 1853.
Question 29
The Railway lines Connecting Madras-Arakkonam was Opened in the Year
A
1854
B
1856
C
1859
D
1860
Question 29 Explanation: 
Explanation: 1853. Railway lines connecting from Calcutta to the Raniganj coal-fields was opened in 1854 and from Madras to Arakkonam in 1856.
Question 30
The First Railway Line was Opened in 1825 at
A
France
B
England
C
Germany
D
Russia
Question 30 Explanation: 
Explanation: The first railway in the world was opened in 1825 in England.
Question 31
Who was Appointed as the Superintendent of Telegraph department?
A
O’Shaughnessy
B
O’Neil Thomas
C
Dalhousie
D
Charles Wood
Question 31 Explanation: 
Explanation: Similarly, the use of Telegraph brought marvelous changes in communication system. In India, Lord Dalhousie’s contribution in this respect is commendable. In 1852, O’Shaughnessy was appointed the Superintendent of Telegraph Department.
Question 32
How many Miles of Telegraph Lines were Laid before Dalhousie’s departure?
A
10000
B
6000
C
4000
D
2000
Question 32 Explanation: 
Explanation: Main cities of the country viz., Calcutta, Peshawar, Bombay and Madras were telegraphically connected. About 4000 miles long Telegraph lines were laid before the departure of Dalhousie.
Question 33
Which System was Proved as a Boon of communication for British in 1857 Mutiny?
A
Telegraph
B
Postal
C
Railways
D
Non regulation
Question 33 Explanation: 
Explanation: During the 1857 Revolt, the system of telegraphic communication proved a boon for the English and the military value of Dalhousie’s creation was much realized at that time.
Question 34
Which was Considered as the Intellectual Chapter of India?
A
Railways
B
Postal reforms
C
Woods Educational Despatch
D
Telegraph lines
Question 34 Explanation: 
Explanation: Dalhousie had also evinced in the development of education. The educational Despatch of Sir Charles Wood (1854) was considered the “Intellectual Charter of India”. It provided an outline for the comprehensive scheme of education at primary, secondary and collegiate levels.
Question 35
The Universities of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras were founded in the year
A
1856
B
1857
C
1860
D
1862
Question 35 Explanation: 
Explanation: Dalhousie fully accepted the views of Charles Wood and took steps to carry out the new scheme. Departments of Public Instructions were organized. The Universities of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras were founded in 1857.
Question 36
Before the period of Dalhousie, the job of the Public Works Department was done by the
A
Military Board
B
Administrative Officers
C
Revenue Department
D
Welfare department
Question 36 Explanation: 
Explanation: Before the period of Dalhousie, the job of the Public Works Department was done by the Military Board. Dalhousie created a separate Public Works Department and allotted more funds for cutting canals and roads.
Question 37
Who Laid the Foundation of Engineering services in India?
A
Lord Wellesley
B
Lord Cornwallis
C
Lord Dalhousie
D
Lord Hastings
Question 37 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Upper Ganges Canal was completed in 1854. Many bridges were constructed. By modernizing the Public Works Department Dalhousie laid the foundations of the engineering service in India.
Question 38
Lord Dalhousie Left India in the Year
A
1856
B
1858
C
1862
D
1863
Question 38 Explanation: 
Explanation: Dalhousie left India in 1856. The outbreak of Mutiny in the following year led to a severe criticism of his policy of annexation.
Question 39
When was Lord Dalhousie Died?
A
1860
B
1879
C
1897
D
1899
Question 39 Explanation: 
Explanation: Exhausted by his years of overwork in India, he fell ill and died in 1860. There is no doubt that Dalhousie was an able administrator and visionary. He increased the extent of British India and consolidated it. He inaugurated an era of progress on many sides.
Question 40
Lord Dalhousie was Called as the Father of
A
Railways and Postal
B
Railways and Telegraphs
C
Annexations
D
Indian Education
Question 40 Explanation: 
Explanation: He was the father of Railways and Telegraphs.
Question 41
Lord Dalhousie was also Called as
A
Lord of Postal reforms
B
Maker of Modern India
C
The Intellectual Governor
D
The Visionary of India
Question 41 Explanation: 
Explanation: Dalhousie introduced the process of modernization of India. Hence, he is hailed as “the maker of modern India”.
Question 42
Match the Following
  • John Lawrence             -      Lt. Governor of Burma
  • Major Arthur Phayre     -      Lt. Governor of Punjab
  • O’Shaughnessy             -      Resident of Lucknow
  • William Sleeman           -      Telegraph supenintendant
A
A B C D
B
B A C D
C
B A D C
D
A C D B
Question 43
Match the Following
  • Woods Despatch      -   1853
  • Madras University    -   1857
  • Satara Annexation    -   1854
  • First Railway line       -   1848
A
C B A D
B
C B D A
C
A B D C
D
A B C D
Question 44
Lord Dalhousie Accepted the Governor Generalship and Arrived to
A
Calcutta at 1848
B
Bombay at 1848
C
Madras at 1848
D
Meerut at 1848
Question 44 Explanation: 
Explanation: In 1847, he was offered the Governor- Generalship of India which he accepted and arrived at Calcutta in January 1848.
Question 45
Lord Dalhousie Passed the Post office act in the Year
A
1852
B
1853
C
1854
D
1857
Question 45 Explanation: 
Explanation: The foundation of modern postal system was laid down by Lord Dalhousie. A new Post Office Act was passed in 1854. Consequently, irrespective of the distance over which the letter was sent, a uniform rate of half an anna per post card was charged throughout India. Postage stamps were introduced for the first time.
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