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Modern Indian History Part 5 in English

Modern Indian History Part 5 in English

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Question 1
Lord William Bentinck assumed the office of the Governor- General in the Year
A
1827
B
1828
C
1829
D
1830
Question 1 Explanation: 
Explanation: Lord William Bentinck assumed the office of the Governor- General in 1828. Born in 1774 he commenced his career as a soldier and later at the young age of twenty two he became a Member of Parliament.
Question 2
When was Bentinck Appointed as the Governor of Madras?
A
1801
B
1806
C
1803
D
1809
Question 2 Explanation: 
Explanation: Parliament. He was appointed the Governor of Madras in 1803. He supported Sir Thomas Munroe on revenue administration.
Question 3
Which Mutiny Resulted on the Recall of Lord Bentinck?
A
Sepoy Mutiny
B
Palayakkars Mutiny
C
Vellore Mutiny
D
Marudhu Brothers Mutiny
Question 3 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Vellore Mutiny of 1806 had resulted in Bentinck’s recall. However, his appointment again to the higher office as Governor-General shows his real greatness.
Question 4
According to Bentinck Which was the Main duty of British in India?
A
Expansion of Empire
B
Drain of Wealth
C
Welfare of people
D
War and Annexation
Question 4 Explanation: 
Explanation: As Governor-General, Bentinck had initiated an era of progress and reforms. He was undoubtedly the first Governor- General of British India who acted on the dictum that “the welfare of the subject peoples was a main, perhaps the primary, duty of the British in India”.
Question 5
What Was the Policy of Bentinck with the Indian states?
A
Aggression and Annexation
B
Non- intervention and Non-aggression
C
Peace and Welfare
D
None of the above
Question 5 Explanation: 
Explanation: William Bentinck adopted a policy of non-intervention and non-aggression with Indian states. If at all he interfered in the affairs of the Indian states, it was only to end any form of misgovernment and never to annex any territory.
Question 6
In Mysore, Hindu rule under Krishnaraja III was restored by
A
Wellesley
B
Hastings
C
Bentinck
D
Cornwallis
Question 6 Explanation: 
Explanation: In Mysore, Hindu rule under Krishnaraja III was restored by Wellesley.In the beginning, the young Raja functioned well along with his able minister Puranaiya. Later, when the young raja assumed full control of the government he proved incompetent.
Question 7
When was the Peasantry Revolt broke out in Mysore state?
A
1828
B
1831
C
1830
D
1825
Question 7 Explanation: 
Explanation: The peasantry of the state suffered from many grievances. There was no redressal. Consequently, a revolt of the peasants broke out in 1830 and it was suppressed with the help of an army from Madras. Nonetheless, the British authorities took over the administration of Mysore State and placed it under the control of a commissioner. The Raja was given a pension.
Question 8
Who was commissioner from 1834 to 1861 in Mysore?
A
Sir Mark Cubbon
B
Captain Popham
C
Gillespie
D
Col. Rose
Question 8 Explanation: 
Explanation: Sir Mark Cubbon was commissioner from 1834 to 1861 and his administration was beneficial to the people of Mysore.
Question 9
The Cubbon Park Nmaed after Sir Mark Cubbon Is Located in the City of
A
Mysore
B
Bangalore
C
Coorg
D
Srirangapattinam
Question 9 Explanation: 
Explanation: The famous Cubbon Park in Bangalore city has been named after him to remind his services to Mysore.
Question 10
Which Treaty was concluded at the End of First Burmese war?
A
Treaty of Burma
B
Treaty of Yandaboo
C
Treaty of Luxembourg
D
Treaty of Mysore
Question 10 Explanation: 
Explanation: The principality of Cachar lying in the North East Frontier came under the protection of the British in accordance with the Treaty of Yandaboo concluded at the end of the first Burmese War.
Question 11
The Raja of Cachar was Assassinated in the Year
A
1829
B
1832
C
1833
D
1836
Question 11 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Raja of Cachar small state was assassinated in 1832 but there was no heir to succeed him. Bentinck annexed this state at the wish of the people.
Question 12
Which other territory was brought under British with Cachar after First Burmese war?
A
Jhansi
B
Jaintia
C
Khasi
D
Saipung
Question 12 Explanation: 
Explanation: Jaintia was one of the territories brought under the custody of the British after the first Anglo-Burmese War. The ruler of the small country behaved in an unruly way by abducting a few subjects of British India with the evil intention of sacrificing them to the goddess Kali. Therefore, the Governor-General acted promptly to avertany recurrence of such cruel abhorrent act and annexed this country.
Question 13
Who was a ruthless ruler of Coorg who treated his people with savage barbarity and killed all his male relatives?
A
Krishna Raja
B
Vir Raja
C
Raja Singh
D
Vir Paramvir Raja
Question 13 Explanation: 
Explanation: Vira Raja was a ruthless ruler of Coorg who treated his people with savage barbarity and killed all his male relatives.
Question 14
Who was sent by Bentinck to Capture the Coorg?
A
Thomas Munroe
B
Col. Gillespie
C
Col. Lindsay
D
Col. Rose
Question 14 Explanation: 
Explanation: Lord William Bentinck decided to deal with him effectively and sent Colonel Lindsay to capture Mercara, the capital of the Coorg state. The Raja was deposed in 1834 and the state was annexed.
Question 15
Lord Bentick Wanted a Friendly relations with ruler of Punjab, Maharajah Ranjit Singh and also with the Amirs of Sind because of
A
Threat of French
B
Threat of Russians
C
Threat of Indian Rulers
D
Threat of Arabs
Question 15 Explanation: 
Explanation: Lord William Bentinck was the first Governor-General to visualise a Russian threat to India. Hence, he was eager to negotiate friendly relations both with the ruler of Punjab, Maharajah Ranjit Singh and also with the Amirs of Sind.
Question 16
The Indus Navigation Treaty was Signed between
A
Bentinck and Amirs of sind
B
Bentinck and Ranjit singh
C
Bentinck and Russians
D
None of the above
Question 16 Explanation: 
Explanation: The exchange of gifts took place between Lahore, the capital of Punjab and Calcutta, the seat of Governor-General. It was then followed by the meeting of Bentinck and Ranjit Singh on 25 October, 1831 at Rupar on the bank of the river Sutlej amidst show and splendor. The Governor- General was successful in winning the friendship of Ranjit Singh and the Indus Navigation Treaty was concluded between them.
Question 17
The Indus Navigation Treaty opened a Way of Navigation in
A
Sutlej
B
Sind
C
Narmada
D
Brahmaputra
Question 17 Explanation: 
Explanation: This treaty opened up the Sutlej for navigation. In addition, a commercial treaty was negotiated with Ranjit Singh. A similar treaty was also concluded with the Amirs of Sind.
Question 18
Which act made it compulsory to renew the Company’s Charter after twenty years?
A
Regulating act of 1773
B
Charter act of 1793
C
Charter act of 1813
D
Woods dispatch of 1854
Question 18 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Regulating Act of 1773 made it compulsory to renew the Company’s Charter after twenty years. Hence, the Charter Act of 1793 was passed by the Parliament.
Question 19
Which act Provided One lakh rupees for Annual promotion of Education in India?
A
Charter act of 1813
B
Regulating act of 1773
C
Pitts India act of 1784
D
Woods Dispatch
Question 19 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Charter Act of 1813 provided one lakh of rupees annually for the promotion of Indian education. It also extended the Company’s charter for another twenty years.
Question 20
Which Philosophy was made popular by the Provisions of Charter act of 1833?
A
The liberal and utilitarian philosophy of Bentham
B
The Right Wing Philosophy
C
The Liberal philosophy of Bentinck
D
Welfare Philosophy
Question 20 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Charter Act of 1833 was a significant constitutional instrument defining the scope and authority of the East India Company. The liberal and utilitarian philosophy of Bentham was made popular by the provisions of this Act.
Question 21
Consider the Following Regarding Charter Act of 1833
  • 1] The English East India Company ceased to be a commercial agency in India. In other words, it would function hereafter as the political agent for the Parliament.
  • 2] The Governor-General of Fort William was called ‘the Governor -General of India’. Thus, Bentinck was the first Governor-General of India’.
A
Both are True
B
Two is False
C
One is False
D
Both are False
Question 21 Explanation: 
Explanation: The English East India Company ceased to be a commercial agency in India. In other words, it would function hereafter as the political agent for the Crown. The Governor-General of Fort William was here after called ‘the Governor - General of India’. Thus, Bentinck was the first Governor-General of India’. A Law Member was appointed to the Governor-General’s Council. T. B. Macaulay was the first Law Member of the Governor- General-in-Council. The Act categorically stated ‘that no native of India, nor any natural born subject of His Majesty, should be disabled from holding any place, office, or employment, by reason of his religion, place of birth, descent or colour”. It was this enactment which laid the foundation for the Indianisation of public services.
Question 22
Who Was the First Governor General of India?
A
Robert Clive
B
Warren Hastings
C
Cornwallis
D
William Bentinck
Question 22 Explanation: 
Explanation: According to charter act of 1833, The Governor-General of Fort William was here after called ‘the Governor - General of India’. Thus, Bentinck was the first Governor-General of India’.
Question 23
Who Was the First Law Member of Governor General in Council?
A
Macaulay
B
Barlow
C
Thomas Munroe
D
John shore
Question 23 Explanation: 
Explanation: A Law Member was appointed to the Governor-General’s Council. T. B. Macaulay was the first Law Member of the Governor- General-in-Council.
Question 24
The Last series of Charter Acts was passed in the year
A
1853
B
1863
C
1883
D
1893
Question 24 Explanation: 
Explanation: After twenty years, the Charter Act of 1853 was passed and it was the last in the series of Charter Acts.
Question 25
How long was the Tenure of William Bentinck Lasted?
A
9 years
B
10 years
C
7 years
D
8 years
Question 25 Explanation: 
Explanation: The advent of Lord William Bentinck ushered in a new era in the annals of India in many ways. Although his tenure of office covered only a short span of seven years, it saw a period of enduring reforms.
Question 26
Consider the Following regarding Financial Reforms of Bentinck
  • 1] He reduced the salaries and allowances of all officers and additional staff were removed.
  • 2] In the military department, he abolished the system of double batta.
  • 3] By these financial reforms at the time of his departure, he left the treasury with a surplus of Rs.3 millions.
A
All are True
B
Only 2 and 3 are True
C
Only 1 and 2 are True
D
All are False
Question 26 Explanation: 
Explanation: He reduced the salaries and allowances of all officers and additional staff were removed. In the military department, he abolished the system of double batta. Batta was an allowance to troops on active service.) By these financial reforms at the time of his departure, he left the treasury with a surplus of Rs.1.5 millions.
Question 27
What was the amount in budget when Bentinck assumed the Office?
A
Deficit of 1.2 millions
B
Deficit of 2 millions
C
Deficit of One millions
D
Surplus of one millions
Question 27 Explanation: 
Explanation: When Bentinck assumed the Governor-Generalship in 1828, the financial position of the Company was poor. The exchequer was very weak. The state budget showed a deficit of one million rupees.
Question 28
What was Abolished by Bentinck established by Cornwallis?
A
Supreme courts
B
Provincial Courts
C
Cornwallis Code
D
Police reforms
Question 28 Explanation: 
Explanation: Bentinck’s administrative reforms speak of his political maturity and wisdom. In the judicial department he abolished the provincial courts of appeal established by Cornwallis. They were largely responsible for the huge arrears of cases.
Question 29
Which Language was introduced in Lower courts by Bentinck?
A
Sanskrit
B
Persian
C
English
D
Local Languages
Question 29 Explanation: 
Explanation: Another good measure of Bentinck was the introduction of local languages in the lower courts.
Question 30
Bentinck Introduce English in Higher courts in Place of
A
Hindi
B
Persian
C
Sanskrit
D
Arabian
Question 30 Explanation: 
Explanation: Another good measure of Bentinck was the introduction of local languages in the lower courts and English in the higher courts in the place of Persian.
Question 31
The revenue Settlements in Northwest Province were introduced by Bentinck under
A
R.M Bird
B
George Slew
C
Macaulay
D
Bentinck himself
Question 31 Explanation: 
Explanation: He launched the revenue settlements of the North West Province under the control of R.M. Bird. This settlement was for a period of 30 years and it was made either with the tillers of the soil, or with the Landowners.
Question 32
William Bentinck abolished Sati in the Year
A
1828
B
1829
C
1831
D
1833
Question 32 Explanation: 
Explanation: The practice of sati, the age old custom of burning of widows alive on the funeral pyre of their husbands was prevalent in India from ancient times. He determined to abolish this practice which he considered an offence against natural justice. Therefore, he became a crusader against it and promulgated his Regulation XVII on 4 December 1829 prohibiting the practice of sati. Those who practiced sati were made liable for punishment by law courts as accessories to the crime.
Question 33
When was the Sati Regulations Extended to Bombay and Madras Presidencies?
A
1829
B
1830
C
1832
D
1834
Question 33 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Regulation was extended to the Madras and Bombay Presidencies in 1830.
Question 34
Which was termed as a Most Commendable Measure by Bentinck?
A
Abolishing sati
B
Female infanticide Punishment
C
Suppression of Thugs
D
Revenue Settlements
Question 34 Explanation: 
Explanation: The most commendable measure which Bentinck undertook and which contributed to the material welfare of the people was the suppression of the ‘thugs’. They were hereditary robbers. They went about in small groups of fifty to hundred posing as commercial gangs or pilgrims ‘strangling and robbing peaceful travellers’.
Question 35
Who was referred as Thugee Sleeman?
A
William Sleeman
B
Bentinck
C
Barlow
D
R.M Bird
Question 35 Explanation: 
Explanation: A campaign was systematically organized by Colonel Sleeman from 1830 against the thugs. During the course of five years nearly 2000 of them were captured. A greater number of them were exterminated and the rest were transported to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. For his role in the suppression of thugs, Sir William Sleeman was known as “Thugee Sleeman”.
Question 36
Which Practice Was Made Punishable Crime By Bentinck other than Sati?
A
Female Infanticide
B
Slavery
C
Bribery
D
None of the above
Question 36 Explanation: 
Explanation: Female infanticide was one of the horrible and heartless deeds committed even by civilized people. This practice killing female infants was very much prevalent in places like Rajputana, Punjab, Malwa and Cutch. Bentinck took effective steps to prevent the ritual of child sacrifice at Saugar Island in Bengal. He not only prohibited female infanticide but declared them as punishable crime.
Question 37
The Committee to make recommendations for the promotion of education in india was Headed by
A
Sleeman
B
Bentinck
C
Macaulay
D
Woods
Question 37 Explanation: 
Explanation: The introduction of English Education was a significant event of Lord William Bentinck’s administration. He appointed a committee headed by Lord Macaulay to make recommendations for the promotion of education. In his report, Macaulay emphasized the promotion of European literature and science through English medium to the people of India. This recommendation was wholeheartedly accepted by William Bentinck.
Question 38
Which resolution made English the official and literary language of India/
A
Parliament resolution of 1836
B
Government resolution of 1835
C
Macaulay’s Resolution
D
Woods Dispatch
Question 38 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Government Resolution in 1835 made English the official and literary language of India.
Question 39
The Foundation for Calcutta Medical college was Laid in the Year
A
1829
B
1835
C
1837
D
1840
Question 39 Explanation: 
Explanation: In 1835, William Bentinck laid foundation of the Calcutta Medical College.
Question 40
Who Succeeded Bentinck as Governor-General of India?
A
Lord Dalhousie
B
Lord Auckland
C
Lord Irwin
D
Lord Rippon
Question 40 Explanation: 
Explanation: After William Bentinck, Lord Auckland (1836-42) became Governor- General. The First Afghan War (1836-42) was fought during his administration.
Question 41
Who was the Successor of Lord Auckland?
A
Lord Lytton
B
Lord Minto II
C
Lord Rippon
D
Lord Ellenborough
Question 41 Explanation: 
Explanation: Due to Auckland’s failure in Afghanistan he was recalled in 1842. Lord Ellenborough succeeded him and ended the Afghan War. He also annexed the Sindh.
Question 42
Who signed the Treaty of Lahore?
A
Lord Auckland
B
Lord Hardinge
C
Lord Lytton
D
Lord Bentinck
Question 42 Explanation: 
Explanation: Ellenborough’s, Successor Lord Hardinge (1844-48) fought the first Anglo-Sikh War (1845-46) and concluded the Treaty of Lahore.
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