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Modern Indian History Part 1 in English

Modern Indian History Part 1 in English

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Question 1
When was the English East India Company established?
A
31st Dec 1664
B
31st Dec 1600
C
1st Jan 1599
D
1st April 1599
Question 1 Explanation: 
Explanation: The English East India Company was established on 31 December 1600 as per the Royal Charter issued by the Queen of England, Elizabeth I.
Question 2
Captain Hawkins arrived at Jahangir’s Court to Get permission for Building Factory on
A
1608
B
1601
C
1603
D
1609
Question 2 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Company had sent Captain Hawkins to the court of the Mughal Emperor, Jahangir in 1608 to secure permission to establish a “factory” (store house goods) at Surat.
Question 3
When was the firman issued to permit establishing trade factory at Surat?
A
1609
B
1610
C
1613
D
1608
Question 3 Explanation: 
Explanation: in 1613, Jahangir issued the firman permitting the East India Company to establish its first trading post at Surat.
Question 4
Who Obtained more trading rights and privileges for the East India Company?
A
Sir William Bentick
B
Sir Irwin Chappell
C
Sir Thomas roe
D
Captain Hawkins.
Question 4 Explanation: 
Explanation: Sir Thomas Roe obtained more trading rights and privileges for the East India Company. Accordingly, the English set up business centres at Agra, Ahmedabad and Broach.
Question 5
Fort St. George in Madras was established on the year 1639 by
A
Sir Thomas roe
B
George Williams
C
Francis Day
D
Queen Elizabeth I.
Question 5 Explanation: 
Explanation: In 1639, Francis Day established the city of Madras and constructed the Fort St. George.
Question 6
The East India Company obtained Bombay on lease from the King
A
Nadir shah
B
Firoz shah
C
Charles II
D
Farukhsiyar.
Question 6 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Company obtained Bombay on lease from their King, Charles II for a rent of 10 pounds per annum in 1668.
Question 7
Job Charnock, the agent of the East India Company purchased three villages namely, Sutanuti, Govindpur and Kalikatta Which later formed as City of
A
Calicut
B
Culcutta
C
Odisha
D
Hyderabad.
Question 7 Explanation: 
Explanation: 1690, Job Charnock, the agent of the East India Company purchased three villages namely, Sutanuti, Govindpur and Kalikatta, which, in course of time, grew into the city of Calcutta.
Question 8
The Fort established by John Charnock on Calcutta is
A
Fort St. George
B
Fort William
C
Fort Charles
D
Fort Irwin
Question 8 Explanation: 
Explanation: It was fortified by Job Charnock, who named it Fort William after the English King, William III.
Question 9
The East India company became a real political power after which Battles?
A
Chausa and khanwa
B
Anglo Maratha wars
C
Plassey and Buxar
D
Anglo-French Wars
Question 9 Explanation: 
Explanation: After the Battle of Plassey in 1757 and the Battle of Buxar in 1764, the Company became a political power. India was under the East India Company’s rule till 1858 when it came under the direct administration of the British Crown.
Question 10
Who was the First governor of Fort William under company’s rule?
A
Warren Hastings
B
William Bentick
C
Robert Clive
D
Thomas Roe.
Question 10 Explanation: 
Explanation: Robert Clive was the first Governor of Fort William under the Company’s rule. He was succeeded by Verelst and Cartier. In 1772, the Company appointed Warren Hastings as the Governor of Fort William.
Question 11
Warren Hastings assumed the administration of Bengal in the Year of
A
1773
B
1772
C
1769
D
1770
Question 11 Explanation: 
Explanation: Warren Hastings assumed the administration of Bengal in 1772, he found it in utter chaos. The financial position of the Company became worse and the difficulties were intensified by famine. Therefore, Warren Hastings realized the immediate need for introducing reforms.
Question 12
The dual system Was First introduced by
A
Warren Hastings
B
Robert Clive
C
East India Company
D
Thomas Roe.
Question 12 Explanation: 
Explanation: Robert Clive Introduced the Dual System.
Question 13
Who reduced the Allowances of Nawabs and stopped Payment to Mughal Emperors?
A
Warren Hastings
B
Robert Clive
C
Lord Bentick
D
Thomas Roe.
Question 13 Explanation: 
Explanation: Warren Hastings reduced the Nawab’s allowance of 32 lakhs of rupees to half that amount. He also stopped the annual payment of 26 lakhs given to the Mughal Emperor.
Question 14
Which City First became the Capital of Bengal as Well as British India in 1772?
A
Calcutta
B
Bombay
C
Delhi
D
Madras
Question 14 Explanation: 
Explanation: Calcutta became the capital of Bengal in 1772 and shortly after of British India.
Question 15
Consider the Following.
  1. After the abolition of the Dual System, the responsibility of collecting the revenue fell on the shoulders of the Company.
  2. Board of Revenue was established at Calcutta to supervise the collection of revenue.
  3. The treasury was removed from Bombay to Calcutta and an Accountant General was appointed.
A
Only Statement 1 is True.
B
All statements are true.
C
Only 1 and 2 are True.
D
Only 2 is True.
Question 15 Explanation: 
Explanation: After the abolition of the Dual System, the responsibility of collecting the revenue fell on the shoulders of the Company. For that purpose, a Board of Revenue was established at Calcutta to supervise the collection of revenue. English Collectors were appointed in each district. The treasury was removed from Murshidabad to Calcutta and an Accountant General was appointed.
Question 16
Under Warren Hastings Judicial Reforms, the highest civil court of appeal was called as
A
Sadar Diwani Adalat.
B
Supreme Court.
C
Nizamat Adalat.
D
Dagh.
Question 16 Explanation: 
Explanation: The highest civil court of appeal was called Sadar Diwani Adalat, which was to be presided over by the Governor and two judges recruited from among the members of his council.
Question 17
The Highest appellate Criminal court was called as?
A
Sadar Diwani Adalat.
B
Supreme Court.
C
Nizamat Adalat.
D
Dagh
Question 17 Explanation: 
Explanation: The highest appellate criminal court was known as Sadar Nizamat Adalat which was to function under an Indian judge appointed by the Governor-in-Council.
Question 18
Explanation: The highest appellate criminal court was known as Sadar Nizamat Adalat which was to function under an Indian judge appointed by the Governor-in-Council.
A
Persian
B
English
C
Hindi
D
None of above.
Question 18 Explanation: 
Explanation: Experts in Hindu and Muslim laws were provided to assist the judges. A digest of Hindu law was prepared in Sanskrit by learned Pandits and it was translated into Persian.
Question 19
The English translation of it – Code of Hindu Laws – was prepared by
A
Judicial Officer
B
Nizamat
C
Halhed
D
Translator.
Question 19 Explanation: 
Explanation: An English translation of it – Code of Hindu Laws – was prepared by Halhed.
Question 20
Warren Hastings regulated the internal trade by abolishing the system of
A
Dastaks
B
Free Trade code
C
Dagh
D
Dacoit.
Question 20 Explanation: 
Explanation: Warren Hastings abolished the system of dastaks, or free passes and regulated the internal trade. He reduced the number of custom houses and enforced a uniform tariff of 2.5 percent for Indian and non-Indian goods.
Question 21
Choose the correct Features of Regulating Act 1773
  1. The term of office of the members of the Court of Directors was extended from one year to four years.
  2. The Governor of Bengal was styled the Governor-General of Fort William whose tenure of office was for a period of five years.
  3. A council of Six members was appointed to assist the Governor-General. The government was to be conducted in accordance with the decision of the majority.
  4. Provision was made in the Act for the establishment of a Supreme Court at Calcutta consisting of a Chief Justice and three junior judges. It was to be independent of the Governor- General in Council. In 1774, the Supreme Court was established by a Royal Charter
A
All are True
B
1 and 2 are True
C
Only 3 is True
D
1,2 and 4 is True.
Question 21 Explanation: 
Explanation: Provisions of the Act the Regulating Act: The term of office of the members of the Court of Directors was extended from one year to four years. One-fourth of them were to retire every year and the retiring Directors were not eligible for re-election. The Governor of Bengal was styled the Governor-General of Fort William whose tenure of office was for a period of five years. A council of four members was appointed to assist the Governor-General. The government was to be conducted in accordance with the decision of the majority. The Governor - General had a casting vote in case of a tie. The Governor-General in Council was made supreme over the other Presidencies in matters of war and peace. Provision was made in the Act for the establishment of a Supreme Court at Calcutta consisting of a Chief Justice and three junior judges. It was to be independent of the Governor- General in Council. In 1774, the Supreme Court was established by a Royal Charter. This Act prevented the servants of the Company including the Governor General, members of his council and the judges of the Supreme Court from receiving directly or indirectly any gifts in kind or cash.
Question 22
Which is Considered to be the Main demerit of Regulating act of 1773?
A
Establishment of Supreme court.
B
Retired members are not eligible for reelection
C
Governor General was made Powerless.
D
None of the above.
Question 22 Explanation: 
Explanation: The main defect of the Act was that the Governor-General was made powerless because the council which was given supreme power often created deadlocks by over-ruling his decision.
Question 23
The demerit of Regulating act 1773 was Rectified in
A
Charter act of 1793
B
Pitts India act of 1784
C
Woods Despatch 1854
D
Charter Act of 1813.
Question 23 Explanation: 
Explanation: The defects were rectified by the Pitt’s India Act of 1784.
Question 24
Warren Hastings was known for his
A
Expansionist Policy
B
Educational Policy
C
Reforms Policy
D
No Trade Policy
Question 24 Explanation: 
Explanation: Warren Hastings was known for his expansionist policy. His administration witnessed the Rohilla War, the First Anglo-Maratha War and the Second Anglo- Mysore War.
Question 25
Warren Hastings was impeached in the Parliament by Edmund Burke and the Whigs for his
A
Judicial Policy
B
Administrative reforms
C
Administrative Excess
D
Expansionary Policy.
Question 25 Explanation: 
Explanation: In 1787, Warren Hastings was impeached in the Parliament by Edmund Burke and the Whigs for his administrative excess. Burke brought forward 22 charges against him. The most important of them were related to the Rohilla War, the Case of Nanda Kumar, the treatment of Raja Chait Singh of Benares and the pressures on the Begums of Oudh.
Question 26
Warren Hastings Resigned his office and Left India in
A
1788
B
1787
C
1785
D
1784
Question 26 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Prime Minister’s speech censuring the policy of the Government of Bengal was considered by Warren Hastings as a reflection on his personal character. His image and reputation were tarnished in England. Therefore, he resigned and left India in June 1785.
Question 27
Who was the Prime minister of England When Regulating act of 1773 Passed?
A
Lord Atlee
B
Lord North
C
Lord Irwin
D
Lord Wellesley
Question 27 Explanation: 
Explanation: Lord North Was the Prime minister of England When Regulating act of 1773 was passed.
Question 28
Who was hanged to death by the verdict of the Supreme Court at Calcutta for a petty offence of forgery?
A
Nanda Kumar
B
Begums of Oudh
C
Raja of Benares
D
Elija Impey.
Question 28 Explanation: 
Explanation: Nanda Kumar was an influential official in Bengal. He was hanged to death by the verdict of the Supreme Court at Calcutta for a petty offence of forgery. The English law was applied in this judgement. It was contended that Warren Hastings and Sir Elija Impey, the judge of the Supreme Court conspired against Nanda Kumar.
Question 29
Match the Following
  1. Nanda Kumar - Pitt’s India Act
  2. Sadar Diwani Adalat - Rohilkand
  3. Hafiz Rahmat Khan -   Influential officer.
  4. Board of Control -   Civil Court
A
2431
B
3421
C
1234
D
4321
Question 30
The First Anglo Maratha War was Fought between years
A
1776-82
B
1775-82
C
1783-85
D
1777-70
Question 30 Explanation: 
Explanation: 1775 - 1782.
Question 31
The Treaty of Salbai was signed in 1782 between
A
Warren Hastings and Holkar
B
Warren Hastings and Holkar
C
Warren Hastings and Peshwa
D
None of above
Question 31 Explanation: 
Explanation: Later in May 1782, the Treaty of Salbai was signed between Warren Hastings and Mahadaji Scindia. Accordingly, Salsette and Bassein were given to the British. Raghunath Rao was pensioned off and Madhav Rao II was accepted as the Peshwa.
Question 32
Consider the Following regarding Treaty of Salbai.
  1. The Treaty of Salbai established the British influence in Indian politics. It
  2. provided the British twenty years of peace with the Marathas.
  3. The Treaty also enabled the British to exert pressure on Mysore with the help of the Marathas in recovering their territories from Haider Ali.
A
Both are False
B
Only 1 is true
C
Only 2 is true
D
Both are True.
Question 32 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Treaty of Salbai established the British influence in Indian politics. It provided the British twenty years of peace with the Marathas. The Treaty also enabled the British to exert pressure on Mysore with the help of the Marathas in recovering their territories from Haider Ali. Thus, the British, on the one hand, saved themselves from the combined opposition of Indian powers and on the other, succeeded in dividing the Indian powers.
Question 33
Who Emerged Victorious in the First Anglo Mysore war?
A
English
B
Haider Ali
C
French
D
Marathas
Question 33 Explanation: 
Explanation: Haider Ali Emerged as Victorious in First Anglo Mysore War (1780-84)
Question 34
Which of the Following is the Cause of Second Anglo Mysore war?
  1. The British failed to fulfill the terms of the defensive  treaty with Haider when he was attacked by the  Marathas in 1771.
  2. Haider Ali formed a grand alliance with the French against the British in 1779.
  3. The British captured Mahe, a French settlement within Haider’s territories.
A
All are True
B
Only 1 is true
C
Only 1 and 3 are true
D
Only 1 and 2 are true.
Question 34 Explanation: 
Explanation: After eleven years, the Second Mysore War broke out and the main causes for the second Anglo-Mysore War were: The British failed to fulfill the terms of the defensive treaty with Haider when he was attacked by the Marathas in 1771. There was an outbreak of hostilities between the English and the French (an ally of Haider) during the American War of Independence. The British captured Mahe, a French settlement within Haider’s territories Haider Ali formed a grand alliance with the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Marathas against the British in 1779.
Question 35
Who defeated Haider Ali in 2nd Mysore war?
A
Arthur Wellesly
B
Lord Cornwallis
C
Warren Hastings
D
Eyre Coote.
Question 35 Explanation: 
Explanation: Warren Hastings, by a clever stroke of diplomacy, divided the Confederacy. He made peace with the Nizam, won the friendship of Bhonsle and came to an understanding with the Scindia (both Marathas). Consequently, Haider was isolated without any alliance. He was defeated by Sir Eyre Coote at Porto Novo in March 1781. In December 1782, Haider died of cancer at the age of sixty and his death was kept secret till his son Tipu Sultan assumed power.
Question 36
The Second Mysore War came to an end in 1783 by
A
Treaty of Madras
B
Treaty of Mysore
C
Treaty of Mangalore
D
Treaty of Pondicherry
Question 36 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Second Mysore War came to an end by the Treaty of Mangalore in 1783. Accordingly, all conquests were mutually restored and the prisoners on both sides were liberated.
Question 37
The Treaty of Surat was Cancelled and Treaty of Purandhar was concluded in
A
1773
B
1772
C
1776
D
1775
Question 37 Explanation: 
Explanation: The British authorities in Bombay concluded the Treaty of Surat with Raghunatha Rao in March 1775. Rahunatha Rao promised to cede Bassein and Salsette to the British but later when he was unwilling to fulfill his promise, the British captured them. This action of the Bombay Government was not approved by Warren Hastings. In 1776, Warren Hastings sent Colonel Upton to settle the issue. He cancelled the Treaty of Surat and concluded the Treaty of Purander with Nana Fadnavis, another Maratha leader.
Question 38
Warren Hastings Considered which treaty as Just a” Scrap of Paper”?
A
Treaty of Salbai
B
Treaty of Surat
C
Treaty of Purandhar
D
Treaty of Mangalore
Question 38 Explanation: 
Explanation: The Home authorities rejected the Treaty of Purander. Warren Hastings also considered the Treaty of Purandar as a ‘scrap of paper’ and sanctioned operations against the Marathas.
Question 39
Who defeated Mahadaji Scindia in Number of small battles in Gwalior?
A
Col.Windham
B
Col.Popham
C
Col.Eyre coote
D
Col.Upton
Question 39 Explanation: 
Explanation: In 1781, Warren Hastings dispatched British troops under the command of Captain Popham. He defeated the Maratha chief, Mahadaji Scindia, in a number of small battles and captured Gwalior.
Question 40
The English translation of it – Code of Hindu Laws – was prepared by
A
Judicial Officer
B
Nizamat
C
Halhed
D
Translator
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