Online TestTnpsc Exam

India – Location, Relief and Drainage Online Test 10th Social Science Lesson 2 Questions in English

India – Location, Relief and Drainage Online Test 10th Social Science Lesson 2 Questions in English

Congratulations - you have completed India – Location, Relief and Drainage Online Test 10th Social Science Lesson 2 Questions in English. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
By landmass India is_____ largest country in Asia
A
7th
B
2nd
C
3rd
D
4th
Question 1 Explanation: 
India is the seventh largest country in the world and second largest country in Asia. It forms a part of south Asia and is separated by the Himalayas from the rest of the continent.
Question 2
India accounts for about____ % of the total area of the world
A
2.4
B
7.6
C
3.6
D
1.9
Question 2 Explanation: 
India accounts for about 2.4 % of the total area of the world with an area of 32,87,263 sq.km. many of the India states are larger than several countries of the world.
Question 3
India shares its shortest border with which country?
A
Bhutan
B
Bangladesh
C
Nepal
D
Afghanistan
Question 3 Explanation: 
India’s longest border is with Bangladesh (4156 km) while the shortest border is with Afghanistan (106 km). India is washed on three sides of the country by the Indian Ocean and its two arms namely the Arabian sea in the west and the Bay of Bengal in the east
Question 4
The total length of the coast line of India including the islands is________ Km
A
6,100
B
7,516.6
C
4156
D
6600
Question 4 Explanation: 
About 6,100 km long coastline of India is washed on three sides of the country by the Indian Ocean and its two arms namely the Arabian sea in the west and the Bay of Bengal in the east. The total length of the coast line of India including the islands is 7,516.6 km. India and Sri Lanka are separated by a narrow and shallow sea called Palk Strait.
Question 5
Which of the following country is not included in Indian subcontinent?
A
Afghanistan
B
Bangladesh
C
Sri Lanka
D
Myanmar
Question 5 Explanation: 
India along with the countries of Myanmar, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan and Sri Lanka is called a subcontinent. This region is separated from the rest of Asia by a chain of mountains in the northwest, north and northeast and by seas in the south. This region also possesses a distinct continental characteristics in physiography, climate, natural vegetation, minerals, human resources etc. Hence India is known as ‘subcontinent’.
Question 6
India is located in which part of hemisphere?
A
Northern
B
North Eastern
C
Southern
D
South Eastern
Question 6 Explanation: 
India extends from 8°4 'N to 37°6 'N latitudes and 68°7 'E to 97°25 'E longitudes. Hence India is located of the north Eastern hemisphere.
Question 7
The southernmost point of the country is________
A
Cape Comorin
B
Indira Col
C
Pygmalion Point
D
Rann of Kutch
Question 7 Explanation: 
Th e southernmost point of the country is Pygmalion Point or Indira Point (6°45'N latitude) located in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Question 8
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. The southernmost point of main land of India is Cape Comorin (Kanniyakumari).
  2. The north-south extent of India is 3,214 km and it extends from Indira Col in Jammu and Kashmir in the north to Kanniyakumari in the south
  3. The Tropic of Cancer (23°30' N) passes through the middle of the country dividing it into two halves as northern temperate and southern tropical lands
A
1, 2
B
2, 3
C
1, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Question 8 Explanation: 
The southernmost point of main land of India is Cape Comorin (Kanniyakumari). Th e north-south extent of India is 3,214 km and it extends from Indira Col in Jammu and Kashmir in the north to Kanniyakumari in the south. Th e east-west extension is 2933 km and it stretches from Rann of Kutch (Gujarat) in the west to Arunachal Pradesh in the east. Th e Tropic of Cancer (23°30' N) passes through the middle of the country dividing it into two halves as northern temperate and southern tropical lands. India has been politically divided into 29 states and 7 union territories for administrative convenience.
Question 9
Till which year Hyderabad will act as common capital of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana?
A
2022
B
2024
C
2021
D
2025
Question 9 Explanation: 
Amaravati is the new capital of Andhra Pradesh but according to Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act, Hyderabad will be the capital for both the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana till 2024 (For 10 years from the act passed).
Question 10
The longitudinal difference between Gujarat and Arunachal Pradesh is__________
A
20°
B
30°
C
10°
D
45°
Question 10 Explanation: 
The longitudinal difference between Gujarat in the west and Arunachal Pradesh in the east is about 30°. The Exact difference in longitude between Gujarat (68°7 'E) and Arunachal Pradesh (97°25 ' E) is 29°18'
Question 11
A difference of 1° longitude will make a difference of____ in time
A
4 minutes
B
70 seconds
C
2 minutes
D
4 seconds
Question 11 Explanation: 
The Earth rotates through its axis around 360° in 24 hours. Thus, a difference of 1° longitude will make a difference of 4 minutes in time. Hence, the difference in local time between these two places is 29°18' X 4' (minutes) = 1 hour 57 minutes 12 seconds (approximately 2 hours). Since Arunachal Pradesh is towards east, it will have sunrise about two hours earlier than the sunrise at Gujarat which is in the west.
Question 12
82°30' E longitude passes through____ in India
A
Prayagraj
B
Mirzapur
C
Dehradun
D
Shillong
Question 12 Explanation: 
In order to avoid these diff erences, Indian standard time is calculated. Th e local time of the central meridian of India is the standard time of India. India’s central meridian is 82°30' E longitude. It passes through Mirzapur and roughly bisects the country in terms of longitude. The IST is 5.30 hrs ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
Question 13
The Himalayan Mountains stretches from______ in East to______ in West
A
Ganga and Yamuna
B
Ganga and Brahmaputra
C
Yamuna and Brahmaputra
D
Indus and Brahmaputra
Question 13 Explanation: 
The Himalayan Mountains (Northern Mountains) consist of the youngest and the loftiest mountain chains in the world because they have been formed only few million years ago and also, they were formed because of the folding of the earth crust due to tectonic activity. It stretches for a distance of 2,500 km from the Indus gorge in the west to Brahmaputra gorge in the east. The width of the Northern Mountains varies from 500 km in Kashmir to 200 km in Arunachal Pradesh.
Question 14
________ popularly known as the “Roof of the World”
A
Pamir Knot
B
Pamir Knot
C
Zasakar Knot
D
Ladakh
Question 14 Explanation: 
The Pamir Knot, popularly known as the “Roof of the World” is the connecting link between the Himalayas and the high ranges of Central Asia. From the Pamir, Himalayas extend eastward in the form of an arc shape.
Question 15
The Pamir Knot, popularly known as the “Roof of the World” is the connecting link between the Himalayas and the high ranges of Central Asia. From the Pamir, Himalayas extend eastward in the form of an arc shape.
A
Abode of Snow
B
White in colour
C
Abode of Rivers
D
Abode of Glaciers
Question 15 Explanation: 
The term “Himalaya” is derived from Sanskrit. It means “Th e Abode of Snow”. Th e Northern Mountains that function as a great wall is grouped into three divisions. 1) Th e Trans-Himalayas, 2) Himalayas, 3) Eastern or Purvanchal hills.
Question 16
.________ is the oldest fold mountain range in India
A
Himalayas
B
Satpura
C
Aravalli
D
Vindhya
Question 16 Explanation: 
The majestic Himalayan peaks in the north, the beautiful beaches in the south, the great Indian desert in the west and the breathtaking natural heritage in the east make India a geographically vibrant, colourful and truly incredible country. Aravalli range is the oldest fold mountain range in India.
Question 17
Which of the following is known as Tibetean Himalayas?
A
Lesser Himalayas
B
Siwaliks
C
Purvanchal
D
Trans Himalayas
Question 17 Explanation: 
The Trans-Himalayas lies in Jammu and Kashmir and Tibetian plateau. As its areal extent is more in Tibet, it is also known as Tibetean Himalayas. The Trans-Himalayas are about 40 km wide in its eastern and western extremities and about 225 km wide in its central part.
Question 18
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. The Trans-Himalayas contain the Tethys sediments.
  2. The rocks of this region contain fossils bearing marine sediments which are underlain by ‘Tertiary granite’
  3. The prominent ranges of Trans Himalayas are Zaskar, Ladakh, Kailash, and Karakoram
A
1, 2
B
2, 3
C
1, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Question 18 Explanation: 
The Trans-Himalayas contain the Tethys sediments. The rocks of this region contain fossils bearing marine sediments which are underlain by ‘Tertiary granite’. It has partly metamorphosed sediments and constitutes the core of the Himalayan axis. The prominent ranges of Trans Himalayas are Zaskar, Ladakh, Kailash, and Karakoram.
Question 19
Match the following correctly
  1. Mt. Everest                      1. 8611 Meters
  2. Godwin Austen               2. Nepal
  3. Kanchenjunga                3. 8848 Meters
  4. Dhaulagiri                      4. India
A
3, 1, 4, 2
B
4, 2, 3, 1
C
3, 1, 2, 4
D
1, 4, 3, 2
Question 20
Out of 14 heights peaks in this world, Himalayas holds______
A
10
B
9
C
4
D
7
Question 20 Explanation: 
Himalaya is the home of several high peaks. However, it holds the record of having the maximum number of highest peaks among any mountain range in world. Out of 14 heights peaks in this world, Himalayas holds 9.
Question 21
Which of the following statement is correct about Himalayas?
  1. It is a young fold mountain.
  2. It was formed by the movement of Angara land mass in the north and Gondwana land mass in the south
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 21 Explanation: 
The Himalayas constitutes the core part of northern mountains. It is an young fold mountain. It was formed by the movement of Angara land mass in the north and Gondwana land mass in the south. The Tethys sea found between these two land masses was uplifted by the compression and the resultant landform was the Himalayas. It consists of many ranges. The main divisions of the Himalayas are the (i) Greater Himalayas, (ii) the Lesser Himalayas and (iii)the Siwaliks.
Question 22
Among the following which receives lower rainfall?
A
Himadri
B
Siwaliks
C
Himachal
D
None
Question 22 Explanation: 
The Greater Himalayas or the Himadri rise abruptly like a wall north of the Lesser Himalayas. The Greater Himalayas are about 25 km wide. Its average height is about 6,000 m. The Greater Himalayas receive lesser rainfall as compared to the Lesser Himalayas and the Siwaliks.
Question 23
Kanchenjunga is located between_______
A
Nepal and Sikkim
B
Bhutan and Sikkim
C
Himachal Pradesh and Nepal
D
Arunachal Pradesh and Tibet
Question 23 Explanation: 
Almost all the lofty peaks of Himalayas are located in this range. The notable ones are Mt. Everest (8,848 m) and Kanchenjunga (8,586 m). Mt. Everest is located in Nepal and Kanchenjunga is located between Nepal and Sikkim.
Question 24
Yamunothri glacier is situated in______
A
Himadri
B
Himachal
C
Siwaliks
D
Trans-Himalayas
Question 24 Explanation: 
The Greater Himalayas or the Himadri is the most continuous of all ranges. It is region of permanent snow cover. So, it has many glaciers. Gangothri, Yamunothri and Siachen are some of them.
Question 25
Match the following correctly
  1. Himadri                         1. 3, 700 to 4,500 m
  2. Siwaliks                         2.  6000 m
  3. Himachal                        3. 900-1100 m
A
2, 3, 1
B
1, 3, 2
C
3, 1, 2
D
2, 1, 3
Question 25 Explanation: 
The Greater Himalayas or the Himadri average height is about 6,000 m. For Siwaliks altitude varying between 900-1100 metres elevation of this range is 1300 m. The Lesser Himalayas or The Himachal is the middle range of Himalayas. Height of this range varies from 3, 700 to 4,500 m.
Question 26
Which of the following is a mountain range not found in Himachal?
A
Dhauladhar
B
Pir Panjal
C
Kailash
D
Mahabharat
Question 26 Explanation: 
The Lesser Himalayas or The Himachal region is subjected to extensive erosion due to heavy rainfall, deforestation and urbanization. Pir Panjal, Dhauladhar and Mahabharat are the mountain ranges found in this part. Major hill stations of the Himalayas are located in this range. Shimla, Mussourie, Nainital, Almora, Ranikhet and Darjeeling are the familiar ones.
Question 27
Match the following passes correctly
  1. Bomdila                  1. Sikkim
  2. Shipkila                  2. Jammu and Kashmir
  3. Jhelepla                 3. Arunachal Pradesh
  4. Karakoram             4. Himachal Pradesh
A
4, 3, 1, 2
B
2, 1, 3, 4
C
3, 4, 1, 2
D
3, 2, 1, 4
Question 27 Explanation: 
The major passes in the Himalayan are Karakoram pass (Jammu and Kashmir), Zojila pass, Shipkila pass (Himachal Pradesh), Bomdila pass (Arunachal Pradesh), Nathala pass (Sikkim) and Jhelepla pass (Sikkim). The Khyber pass which connects Pakistan and Afanisthan, and Bolan pass in Pakistan are important passes of the Indian subcontinent.
Question 28
The Siwaliks extend from____ to______
A
Jammu and Kashmir to Assam
B
Jammu and Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh
C
Sikkim to Arunachal Pradesh
D
Himachal Pradesh to Sikkim
Question 28 Explanation: 
The Siwaliks extend from Jammu and Kashmir to Assam. It is partly made by the debris brought by the Himalayan rivers. The altitude varying between 900-1100 metres elevation of this range is 1300 m. The width of Siwaliks vary from 10 km in the east to 50 km in the west. It is the most discontinuous range.
Question 29
Which of the following is not a Purvanchal Hills?
A
Tripura Hills
B
Garo Hills
C
Jaintia Hills
D
Mahadeo Hills
Question 29 Explanation: 
Purvanchal Hills are the eastern off-shoot of Himalayas. It extended in the north-eastern states of India. Most of these hills are located along the border of India and Myanmar while others are inside India. Dafla Hills, Abor Hills, Mishmi Hills, Patkai Bum Hills, Naga Hills, Manipur Hills, Mizo Hills, Tripura Hills, Mikir Hills, Garo Hills, Khasi Hills and Jaintia Hills are the hills which are collectively known as purvanchal Hills.
Question 30
Which of the following are true about Himalayas?
  1. Himalayas blocks southwest monsoon winds and causes heavy rainfall to north India.
  2. Himalayas are renowned for the rich biodiversity.
  3. It is the source for many perennial rivers like Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra etc
A
1, 3
B
2, 3
C
1, 2
D
1, 2, 3
Question 30 Explanation: 
Importance of Himalayas Himalayas blocks southwest monsoon winds and causes heavy rainfall to north India. • It forms a natural barrier to the subcontinent. • It is the source for many perennial rivers like Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra etc. • The Northern Mountains are described as the paradise of tourists due to its natural beauty. • Many hill stations and pilgrim centres like Amarnath, Kedarnath, Badrinath and Vaishnavidevi temples are situated here. • It provides raw material for many forest based industries. • It prevents the cold winds blowing from the central Asia and protects India from severe cold. • Himalayas are renowned for the rich biodiversity.
Question 31
Match the following correctly
  1. Kashmir Punjab Himachal Himalayas         1. between the rivers of Sutlej and Kali.
  2. Kumaun Himalayas                                    2. between rivers of Tista and Dihang
  3. Central-Nepal Himalayas                           3. between the rivers of Indus and Sutlej
  4. Assam Eastern Himalayas                        4. between the rivers of Kali and Tista
A
2, 3, 1, 4
B
4, 2, 1, 3
C
3, 1, 4, 2
D
3, 4, 1, 2
Question 31 Explanation: 
Longitudinal Divisions of Himalayas The Kashmir Punjab Himachal Himalayas- Located between the rivers of Indus and Sutlej. The Kumaun Himalayas- Located between the rivers of Sutlej and Kali. The Central-Nepal Himalayas- Located between the rivers of Kali and Tista. The Assam Eastern Himalayas- Located between rivers of Tista and Dihang.
Question 32
Which of the following statement is correct about Great Northern Plains?
  1. This plain is deposited by the rivers Indus, Ganga, Brahmaputra and their tributaries
  2. It covers an area of over 7 lakhs sq.km
  3. This plain is one of the most extensive stretches of the alluvium in the world
A
1, 3
B
2, 3
C
1, 2
D
1, 2, 3
Question 32 Explanation: 
The fertile land extending across seven north Indian states forms the Great Northern Plains. This extensive plain lies to the south of the northern mountains. This plain is one of the most extensive stretches of the alluvium in the world and is deposited by the rivers Indus, Ganga, Brahmaputra and their tributaries. The length of the plain is about 2,400 km and the width vary from 240 to 320 km. Its width increases from east to west. It covers an area of over 7 lakhs sq.km.
Question 33
The Great Plains of India is formed mostly by the depositional process of______ river.
A
Himalayan and Vindhyan range
B
Himalayan and Aravalli range
C
Malwa and Chota Nagpur plateau
D
Himalayan and Maikala range
Question 33 Explanation: 
The Great Plains of India is remarkably a homogeneous surface with an imperceptible slope. They are formed mostly by the depositional process of the Himalayan and Vindhyan rivers. These rivers deposit enormous quantity of sediments deposited along the foothills and flood plains. The important characteristics features of sediment deposition in the plains areas as follows.
Question 34
Which of the following statement is incorrect about Bhabar Plain?
  1. This plain is made up of gravels and unassorted sediments deposited by the Himalayan rivers.
  2. It lies to the south of the Siwalik from west to east (Jammu Division to Assam)
  3. The main river which drains this plain is Godavari
A
1, 3
B
2, 3
C
1, 2
D
1, 2, 3
Question 34 Explanation: 
This plain is made up of gravels and unassorted sediments deposited by the Himalayan rivers. The porosity of this plain is so high that most of the small streams flow over this region disappear. It lies to the south of the Siwalik from west to east (Jammu Division to Assam). Its width varies from 8 to 15 km. It is wider in the western plains (Jammu Division) than in the east (Assam). This plain is not suitable for cultivation, only big trees with large roots thrive in this region.
Question 35
The Tarai is wider in the eastern parts of the Great Plains, the reason behind this is_____
A
Ganga valley
B
Yamuna valley
C
Brahmaputra valley
D
Indus valley
Question 35 Explanation: 
The Tarai Tract is a zone of excessive dampness, thick forests and rich wild life. This tract lies to the south of Bhabar plains. The width of this belt is 15-30 km. The Tarai is wider in the eastern parts of the Great Plains, especially in Brahmaputra Valley due to heavy rainfall. In many states, the Tarai forests have been cleared for cultivation.
Question 36
The Black colour of the Bhangar plain is due to_____
A
Rich in humus content
B
Lack of humus content
C
Lack of Nitrogen and Phosphorus
D
Rich in Nitrogen and Phosphorus
Question 36 Explanation: 
The Bhangar represent the upland alluvial tracts of the Great Plains of India, formed by the older alluviums. The Bhangar land lies above the flood limits of the rivers. This soil is dark in colour, rich in humus content, well drained and useful for agriculture.
Question 37
Which of the following is newer alluvium?
A
Khadar
B
Bhangar
C
Tarai
D
Bhabar
Question 37 Explanation: 
The new alluvium tracts along the courses of the rivers are known as the ‘Khadar’ or ‘Bet’ lands. The Khadar tracts are enriched by fresh deposits of silt every year during rainy seasons. The Khadar land consists of sand, silt, clay and mud. It is highly fertile soil.
Question 38
The deltaic plain is an extension of the_____ land.
A
Bhangar
B
Khadar
C
Tarai
D
Bhabar
Question 38 Explanation: 
The deltaic plain is an extension of the Khadar land. It covers about 1.9 lakh sq.km in the lower reaches of the Ganga River. It is an area of deposition as the river flows in this tract sluggishly. The deltaic plain consists mainly of old mud, new mud and marsh. In the delta region, the uplands are called ‘Chars’ while the marshy areas are called ‘Bils’.
Question 39
Which of the following statement is correct about Peninsular Plateaus?
  1. The plateau region lies to the south of the Great Northern Plains
  2. It is an old rocky plateau region.
  3. This is the largest physiographic division of our country.
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Question 39 Explanation: 
The plateau region lies to the south of the Great Northern Plains. This is the largest physiographic division of our country. It covers an area of about 16 lakhs sq.km (about half of the total area of the country). It is an old rocky plateau region. The topography consists of a series of plateaus and hill ranges interspersed with river valleys.
Question 40
._____ mark the north-western boundary of the Peninsular plateau region. Kaimur hills
A
Rajmahal hills
B
Aravalli hills
C
Western Ghats
D
Kaimur hills
Question 40 Explanation: 
Aravalli hills mark the north-western boundary of the plateau region. Its northern and north-eastern boundaries are marked by the Bundelkhand upland, Kaimur and Rajmahal hills. The Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats mark the western and eastern boundaries respectively.
Question 41
._____ is the highest point in the Peninsular plateau
A
Anaimudi
B
Guru Shikar
C
Mount Abu
D
Nilgiri hills
Question 41 Explanation: 
The altitude of a large portion of the plateau is more than 600 m from mean sea level. The peak of Anaimudi is the highest point in the plateau. Its height is 2,695 m and is located in Anaimalai. The general slope of this plateau is towards east.
Question 42
Which of the following statement about Rajasthan Plains is correct?
  1. It is located to the North of Aravalli range
  2. The Sambhar salt lake (Pushkar Lake) near Jaipur is the prominent one.
  3. Rajasthan plain is formed by the deposition of the river Luni and the long vanished river Saraswathi
A
1, 3
B
2, 3
C
1, 2
D
1, 2, 3
Question 42 Explanation: 
Rajasthan Plains is located to the west of Aravalli range. It covers an area of about 1,75,000 sq.km. Rajasthan plain is formed by the deposition of the river Luni and the long-vanished river Saraswathi. There are several salt lakes in Rajasthan. The Sambhar salt lake (Pushkar Lake) near Jaipur is the prominent one.
Question 43
Which of the following statement is correct about Punjab - Haryana Plains?
  1. It lies to the north-east of the Great Indian Desert
  2. This plain acts as water - divide (doab)
  3. The two major watershed it divides are Yamuna – Sutlej and Ganga – Yamuna.
A
1, 3
B
2, 3
C
1, 2
D
1, 2, 3
Question 43 Explanation: 
Punjab - Haryana Plains lies to the north-east of the Great Indian Desert. This plain is found over an area of about 1.75 lakh sq.km. The Punjab - Haryana plains are formed by the deposition of the rivers Sutlej, Beas and Ravi. This plain acts as water - divide (doab). The two major watershed it divides are Yamuna – Sutlej and Ganga – Yamuna.
Question 44
Which of the following plain is the largest plain in India?
A
Rajasthan Plains
B
Punjab - Haryana Plains
C
Ganga Plains
D
Brahmaputra Plains
Question 44 Explanation: 
Ganga Plains extends from the Yamuna River in the west to Bangladesh in the east. The total area covered by this plain is about 3.75 sq.km. River Ganga and its tributaries such as Ghaghra, Gandak, Kosi, Yamuna, Chambal, Betwa etc. constitute this plain by their sediments and make a great plain in India. It is the largest plain of India. The general slope of the entire plain (upper, middle and lower Ganga plains) is towards east and south-east.
Question 45
Brahmaputra Plain is mainly located in which state?
  1. Assam
  2. West Bengal
  3. Sikkim
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
1 alone
D
1, 2, 3
Question 45 Explanation: 
Brahmaputra Plains is located mainly in the state of Assam. It is a low - level plain located in the eastern part of the Great Plains of India and is formed by the deposits of river Brahmaputra. It covers an area of about 56,275 sq.km. These plains create alluvial fans and marshy tracts.
Question 46
Which river divides Peninsular Plateau into two parts?
A
Ganga
B
Godavari
C
Narmada
D
Tapti
Question 46 Explanation: 
The river Narmada divides the Peninsular Plateau region of India broadly into two parts. The region lying to the north of the Narmada is called the Central Highlands and the region lying to the south of Narmada is called the Deccan Plateau.
Question 47
Which of the following is an odd one among the following?
A
Krishna
B
Mahanadi
C
Narmada
D
Godavari
Question 47 Explanation: 
All the major rivers (Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri etc.) lying to the south of the Vindhya flow eastwards and fall into the Bay of Bengal. Narmada and Tapti are the two rivers situated to the south of the Vindhya flow westward. Their movement towards west is due to the presence of a rift valley in the region.
Question 48
Which of the following is the highest peak of Central Highlands?
A
Gurushikhar
B
Mount Abu
C
Anaimudi
D
Malayagiri
Question 48 Explanation: 
The Central Highlands extend between the river Narmada and the Northern Great Plains. The Aravallis form the west and northwestern edge of the Central Highlands. These hills extend from Gujarat, through Rajasthan to Delhi in the northwesterly direction for a distance of about 700 km. The height of these hills is about 1,500 m in southwest while near Delhi the height is hardly 400 m. Gurushikhar with 1,722 m is the highest peak of this range.
Question 49
Which of the following rivers drain Malwa plateau?
  1. Chambal
  2. Betwa
  3. Ken
  4. Yamuna
A
1, 3, 4
B
1, 2, 3
C
1, 2, 4
D
1, 2, 3, 4
Question 49 Explanation: 
The Western part of the Central Highland is known as the Malwa Plateau. It lies to the southeast of Aravallis and to the north of Vindhyachal Range. The rivers Chambal, Betwa and Ken drain the Malwa Plateau before they join the river Yamuna.
Question 50
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. The part of the Central Highlands which extends to the east of Malwa Plateau is known as Bundelkhand
  2. Its further extension is known as Bagelkhand.
  3. Chhota-Nagpur Plateau is very rich in mineral resources particularly iron ore and coal
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Question 50 Explanation: 
The part of the Central Highlands which extends to the east of Malwa Plateau is known as Bundelkhand and its further extension is known as Bagelkhand. The eastern part of the Central High lands which lies in the north-eastern part of the Indian Plateau is known as Chhota-Nagpur Plateau. It covers much of Jharkhand, adjacent parts of Odisha, West Bengal, Bihar and Chhattisgarh. This region is very rich in mineral resources particularly iron ore and coal.
Question 51
Which of the following statement about Deccan plateau is correct?
  1. This physiographic division is the largest part of the plateau region of India.
  2. The shape of this plateau is roughly triangular
  3. The area of this Plateau is about 7 thousand square km
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Question 51 Explanation: 
This physiographic division is the largest part of the plateau region of India. The shape of this plateau is roughly triangular. One of the sides of this triangle is marked by the line joining Kanniyakumari with Rajmahal Hills and this line passes through the Eastern Ghats. The second arm is marked by the Satpura Range, Mahadeo Hills, Maikal Range and the Rajmahal Hills. The third arm is marked by the Western Ghats. The area of this Plateau is about 7 lakh square km and the height ranges from 500 to 1000 m above sea level.
Question 52
Thar desert is_____ largest sub-tropical desert located in Western part of the India
A
7th
B
9th
C
2nd
D
3rd
Question 52 Explanation: 
The Thar desert, also known as the Great Indian desert is a large arid region in the north western part of the Indian subcontinent that covers an area of 2,00,000 km2. It is the world 7th largest desert, and world 9th largest subtropical desert located in Western part of the India
Question 53
Match the following correctly
  1. Actual desert region                 1. Dhands
  2. semi desert region                    2. Marusthali
  3. sand dunes and salt lakes        3. Bhangar
A
1, 3, 2
B
3, 1, 2
C
2, 3, 1
D
2, 1, 3
Question 53 Explanation: 
There are two major divisions in the Thar desert. They are known as the Actual desert region (Marusthali) and the semi desert region (Bhangar). Many different types of sand dunes and salt lakes (Dhands) are seen here.
Question 54
Thar desert covers_____ part of Rajasthan
A
2/3rd
B
1/3rd
C
1/5th
D
4/5th
Question 54 Explanation: 
The Indian Desert or Thar desert lies in the western part of the Aravalli range and covers 2/3 of Rajasthan state. It forms a form a natural boundary between India and Pakistan.
Question 55
Which of the following statement is correct about Coastal Plains?
  1. The Peninsula Plateau of India is flanked by narrow coastal plains of varied width from north to south
  2. They were formed by the depositional action of the rivers and the erosional and depositional actions of the sea-waves
A
1 alone
B
2 alone
C
1, 2
D
None
Question 55 Explanation: 
The Peninsula Plateau of India is flanked by narrow coastal plains of varied width from north to south, known as the Western Coastal Plains and the Eastern Coastal Plains. They were formed by the depositional action of the rivers and the erosional and depositional actions of the sea-waves. The Indian coastal plains are divided into the following two divisions: 1) The Western Coastal Plains and 2) The Eastern Coastal Plains.
Question 56
The middle part of Konkan Plain is known as_______
A
Cholamandalam
B
Kanara
C
Malabari
D
Kayals
Question 56 Explanation: 
The northern part of the West Coastal Plain is known as Konkan Plain. The middle part of this plain is known as Kanara. The southern part of the plain is known as Malabar coast which is about 550 km long and 20-100 km wide.
Question 57
What is the northern most extend of West coast plain?
A
Rann of kutch
B
Rann of khambat
C
Gulf of Mannar
D
Balghat pass
Question 57 Explanation: 
The Western Coastal Plain lies between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea. It extends from Rann of kutch in the north to Kanniyakumari in the south and its width varies from 10 to 80 km. It is mainly characterised by sandy beaches, coastal sand dunes, mud flats, lagoons, estuary, laterite platforms and residual hills.
Question 58
Match the following correctly
  1. Chilka                              1. lies between the deltas of Godavari and Krishna
  2. Kolleru                             2. Kerala
  3. Pulicat                              3. lies in the border of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu
  4. Vembanad                        4. Odisha
A
3, 2, 1, 4
B
2, 3, 1, 4
C
4, 1, 3, 2
D
4, 3, 2, 1
Question 58 Explanation: 
Among the back water lakes of this coast, lake Chilka (Odisha) is the largest lake in India located to the southwest of the Mahanadi delta, the Kolleru Lake which lies between the deltas of Godavari and Krishna and the Pulicat Lake lies in the border of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, these are the well-known lakes in the east coastal plain. Vembanad lakes is in Kerala.
Question 59
Which of the following statement is correct?
  1. The Western Ghats forms the western edge of the Peninsular Plateau.
  2. The height of the Sahyadris increases from north to south
  3. Kodaikanal is a beautiful hill resort situated on the Palani Hills.
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Question 59 Explanation: 
The Western Ghats forms the western edge of the Peninsular Plateau. It runs parallel to the Arabian Sea coast. The northern part of this range is called as Sahyadris. The height of the Sahyadris increases from north to south. Anaimudi is a sort of tri-junction of the Anaimalai Range, the Cardamom Hills and the Palani Hills. Kodaikanal is a beautiful hill resort situated on the Palani Hills. Eastern Ghats run from southwest to northeast form the eastern edge of this Plateau. This range is also called as Poorvadri. The Eastern Ghats join the Western Ghats at the Nilgiri hills, bordering Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The Eastern Ghats are not continuous like the Western Ghats. The rivers of Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Pennar and Kaveri have dissected this range at many places.
Question 60
The coastal plain between Mahanadi and Krishna river is known______
A
Coromandal coast
B
Konkan coast
C
Northern Circars
D
Malabar coast
Question 60 Explanation: 
The Eastern Coastal Plain lies between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal and, stretches along the states of West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. These plains are formed by the alluvial fillings of the littoral zone by the east flowing rivers of India. The coastal plain consists mainly of the recent alluvial deposits. This coastal plain has a regular shoreline with well-defined beaches. The coastal plain between Mahanadi and Krishna river is known as the Northern Circars and the southern part lies between Krishna and Kaveri rivers is called Coromandal coast.
Question 61
India’s only active volcano is found on____ island
A
Pitt
B
Sentinal
C
Barren
D
Coral
Question 61 Explanation: 
The islands of Andaman and Nicobar are largely tectonic and volcanic origin. India’s only active volcano is found on Barren Island in Andaman and Nicobar group of Islands, while the islands of the Arabian Sea are mainly coral origin.
Question 62
How Islands are found in Lakshadweep group?
A
90
B
27
C
572
D
540
Question 62 Explanation: 
India has two major island groups namely Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep. The former group consists of 572 islands and are located in Bay of Bengal, and the later one has 27 islands and are located in Arabian Sea
Question 63
Which of the following statement about Andaman and Nicobar Islands is correct?
  1. These islands are located in an elevated portion of the submarine mountains
  2. Since these islands lie close to the equator, the climate remains hot and wet throughout the year and has dense forests.
  3. These island groups are of great strategic importance for the country
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Question 63 Explanation: 
These islands are located in an elevated portion of the submarine mountains. Since these islands lie close to the equator, the climate remains hot and wet throughout the year and has dense forests. The area of the island group is about 8,249 sq.km. The entire group of islands is divided into two. They are Andaman in the north and the Nicobar in the south. These island groups are of great strategic importance for the country.
Question 64
______ Channel separates Andaman from Nicobar group.
A
Ten Degree
B
Eight Degree
C
Six Degree
D
Nine Degree
Question 64 Explanation: 
Port Blair is the administrative capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Ten Degree Channel separates Andaman from Nicobar group. The southernmost tip, the Indira Point is a part of Nicobar Island.
Question 65
Which of the following statement is correct about Lakshadweep Islands?
  1. This is a small group of coral islands located off the west coast of India
  2. Port Blair is its administrative capital
  3. The uninhabited “Pitt Island” of this group has a bird sanctuary.
A
1, 2
B
2, 3
C
1, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Question 65 Explanation: 
Lakshadweep Islands is a small group of coral islands located off the west coast of India. It covers an area of 32 sq. km. Kavaratti is its administrative capital. The uninhabited “Pitt Island” of this group has a bird sanctuary.
Question 66
In which year Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi was named Lakshadweep?
A
1973
B
1993
C
1983
D
1998
Question 66 Explanation: 
Kavaratti is its administrative capital. Lakshadweep islands are separated from the Maldive Islands by the Eight Degree Channel. Earlier, it had three divisions namely Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi. It was named as Lakshadweep in 1973.
Question 67
Which of the following is an odd one among the following
A
Indus
B
Brahmaputra
C
Ganga
D
Godavari
Question 68
Which of the following is the largest tributaries of Indus?
A
Jhelum
B
Ravi
C
Chenab
D
Sutlej
Question 68 Explanation: 
The Indus major tributaries are Jhelum, Chenab (Largest tributary of Indus), Ravi, Beas and Sutlej. It enters into with the Arabian Sea.
Question 69
Which of the following statement about Indus is correct?
  1. The Indus River is one of the largest rivers of the world
  2. It originates from the northern slope of the Kailash range in Tibet near Manasarovar Lake
  3. Only 709 km of Indus flows in India
A
1, 2
B
2, 3
C
1, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Question 69 Explanation: 
The Indus River is one of the largest rivers of the world. It originates from the northern slope of the Kailash range in Tibet near Manasarovar Lake at an elevation of about 5,150 m. Its length is about 2,880 km (Only 709 km is in India). The river has a total drainage area extending 11,65,500 sq km in which 321,289 sq km areas are drained in India. The river flows through the Ladakh and Zaskar ranges and creates deep gorges. The river runs through Jammu and Kashmir, turns south near Chillar and enters Pakistan.
Question 70
In which state river Ganga originates?
A
Uttar Pradesh
B
Himachal Pradesh
C
Jammu and Kashmir
D
Uttarkhand
Question 70 Explanation: 
The Ganga plain is the most densely populated place in India and many towns are developed on the banks of this river. The river Ganga originates as Bhagirathi from the Gangotri Glacier in Uttar Khasi District of Uttarkhand state, at an elevation of 7,010 m.
Question 71
The river Ganga is known as____ in Bangladesh
A
Padma
B
Meghana
C
Jamuna
D
Tsang Po
Question 71 Explanation: 
The river Ganga is known as the River Padma in Bangladesh. The combined river of Ganga and Brahmaputra creates the World’s largest delta known as Sundarbans in Bangladesh before joining the Bay of Bengal.
Question 72
Match the following correctly
  1. Indus                               1. 2525 Km
  2. Ganga                              2. 2,900 km
  3. Brahmaputra                   3. 2,880 km
A
3, 1, 2
B
3, 2, 1
C
2, 3, 1
D
1, 3, 2
Question 72 Explanation: 
The length of Brahmaputra river is about 2,900 km (900 km in India). The length of the river Ganga is about 2,525 km. The Indus River length is about 2,880 km (Only 709 km is in India).
Question 73
Which of the following is the largest tributary of Ganga?
A
Yamuna
B
Chambal
C
Son
D
Kosi
Question 73 Explanation: 
Ganga major tributaries from the north are Gomti, Gandak, Kosi and Ghaghra and from south, Yamuna (largest tributary of Ganga), Son, Chambal etc.
Question 74
Which of the following statement about Brahmaputra is correct?
  1. This river is known as Tsangpo (Purifier) in Tibet
  2. It enters into India through a gorge in Arunachal Pradesh namely Dihang
  3. This river is called as Padma in Bangladesh
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Question 74 Explanation: 
Brahmaputra river is known as Tsangpo (Purifier) in Tibet. The length of this river is about 2,900 km (900 km in India). It enters into India through a gorge in Arunachal Pradesh namely Dihang. It has many tributaries. Tista, Manas, Barak, Subansiri are some of them. This river is called as Jamuna in Bangladesh.
Question 75
After joining with Ganga in Bangladesh Brahmaputra is called as____
A
Padma
B
Meghana
C
Jamuna
D
Parvath
Question 75 Explanation: 
The river Brahmaputra originates from the Chemayungdung Glacier of the Kailash range to the east of Lake Manasarovar in Tibet at an elevation of about 5,150 m. The total area is about 5,80,000 sq km but the drainage area lying in India is 1,94,413 sq km. After it joins with the river Ganga in Bangladesh, the river is called as Meghna.
Question 76
Which of the following is correct about Peninsular Rivers?
  1. The rivers in south India are called the Peninsular rivers.
  2. Based on the direction of flow, the peninsular rivers are divided into the West flowing and East flowing rivers
  3. These are seasonal rivers (non–perennial)
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Question 76 Explanation: 
The rivers in south India are called the Peninsular rivers. Most of these rivers originate from the Western Ghats. These are seasonal rivers (non–perennial). They have a large seasonal fluctuation in volume of water as they are solely fed by rain. These rivers flow in valleys with steep gradients. Based on the direction of flow, the peninsular rivers are divided into the West flowing and East flowing rivers.
Question 77
Mahanadi originates in which state?
A
Chattisgarh
B
Odisha
C
West Bengal
D
Madhya Pradesh
Question 77 Explanation: 
The river Mahanadi originates near Sihawa in Raipur district of Chattisgarh and flows through Odisha. Its length is 851 km. Seonath, Telen, Sandur and Ib are its major tributaries. The main stream of Mahanadi gets divided into several distributaries such as Paika, Birupa, Chitartala, Genguti and Nun. All these distributaries form the Delta of Mahanadi which is one of the largest deltas in India. The Mahanadi empties its water in Bay of Bengal.
Question 78
Which of the following river is called as Vridha Ganga?
A
Narmada
B
Cauvery
C
Tapti
D
Godavari
Question 78 Explanation: 
Godavari is the longest river (1,465 km) with an area of 3.13 lakh km2 among the Peninsular rivers. It is also called Vridha Ganga. It originates in Nasik district of Maharashtra, a portion of Western Ghats. It flows through the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh before joining Bay of Bengal. Purna, Penganga, Pranitha, Indravati, Tal and Salami are its major tributaries.
Question 79
Which lake is s located in the deltaic region of the Godavari?
A
Pulicat
B
Chilka
C
Vembnad
D
Kolleru
Question 79 Explanation: 
The river Godavari near Rajahmundry gets divided into two Channels called Vasistha and Gautami and forms one of the largest deltas in India. Kolleru, a fresh water lake is located in the deltaic region of the Godavari.
Question 80
Which of the following statement about Krishna is correct?
  1. The river Krishna originates from a spring at a place called Mahabaleshwar in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra.
  2. It is the second longest Peninsular river
  3. It also flows through Andhra Pradesh and joins in Bay of Bengal, at Hamasaladeevi.
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Question 80 Explanation: 
The river Krishna originates from a spring at a place called Mahabaleshwar in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra. Its length is 1,400 km and an area of 2.58 lakh sq km. It is the second longest Peninsular river Bhima, Peddavagu, Musi, Koyna and Thungabhadra are the major tributaries of this river. It also flows through Andhra Pradesh and joins in Bay of Bengal, at Hamasaladeevi.
Question 81
Which river is called as Dhakshin Ganga?
A
Yamuna
B
Cauvery
C
Krishna
D
Godavari
Question 81 Explanation: 
The river Kaveri originates at Talakaveri, Kudagu hills of Karnataka. Its length is 800 km. The river kaveri is called Dhakshin Ganga or Ganga of south Harangi, Hemavati, Kabini, Bhavani, Arkavathy, Noyyal, Amaravathi etc are the main tributaries of the river Kaveri.
Question 82
Which of the following statement about Kaveri is correct?
  1. While entering Tamil Nadu, the Kaveri continues through a series of twisted wild gorges until it reaches Hogenakkal Falls
  2. The Kaveri breaks at Srirangam Island with two channels, river Coleroon and Kaveri
  3. At last, it empties into the Bay of Bengal at Poompuhar
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Question 82 Explanation: 
In Karnataka the river bifurcates twice, forming the sacred islands of Srirangapatnam and Sivasamudram. While entering Tamil Nadu, the Kaveri continues through a series of twisted wild gorges until it reaches Hogenakkal Falls and flows through a straight, narrow gorge near Salem. The Kaveri breaks at Srirangam Island with two channels, river Coleroon and Kaveri. At last, it empties into the Bay of Bengal at Poompuhar.
Question 83
Narmada river outflows at______
A
Gulf of Cambay
B
Gulf of Khambat
C
Gulf of Kutch
D
Gulf of mannar
Question 83 Explanation: 
This river rises in Amarkantak Plateau in Madhya Pradesh at an elevation of about 1057 m and flows for a distance of about 1,312 km it covers and area of 98,796 sq km and forms 27 km long estuary before outfalling into the Arabian Sea through the Gulf of Cambay.
Question 84
Which of the following is the largest west following river in India?
A
Tapti
B
Godavari
C
Kaveri
D
Narmada
Question 84 Explanation: 
Narmada is the largest among the west flowing rivers of Peninsular India. Its principal tributaries are Burhner, Halon, Heran, Banjar, Dudhi, Shakkar, Tawa, Barna and Kolar.
Question 85
Which of the following statement about Tapti is correct?
  1. The Tapti is one of the major rivers of Peninsular India with the length of about 724 km.
  2. It is one of only the three rivers in Peninsular India that run from east to west - the others being the Narmada and the Mahi.
  3. It outfalls into the Arabian Sea through the Gulf of Cambay.
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Question 85 Explanation: 
Th e Tapti is one of the major rivers of Peninsular India with the length of about 724 km. It covers an area of 65,145 sq km. Tapti river rises near Multai in the Betul district of Madhya Pradesh at an elevation of about 752 m. It is one of only the three rivers in Peninsular India that run from east to west - the others being the Narmada and the Mahi. Th e major tributaries are Vaki, Gomai, Arunavati, Aner, Nesu, Buray, Panjhra and Bori. It outfalls into the Arabian Sea through the Gulf of Cambay.
Question 86
Match the following correctly
  1. Distributary        1. A branch or outlet, leaves a main river and does not re-join it
  2. Doab            2. A land between the two converging rivers.
  3. Estuary        3. Mouth of a river where it enters the sea through a single channel
  4. Pass             4. narrow gap through the mountains providing a route
A
2, 3, 4, 1
B
1, 2, 3, 4
C
3, 4, 1, 2
D
4, 3, 2, 1
Question 86 Explanation: 
Back waters: The part of a river which are stagnant and do not reach the sea as they are pushed by the current. Distributary: A branch or outlet which leaves a main river and does not rejoin it, carrying its water to the sea or a lake. Doab: A land between the two converging rivers. Estuary: Mouth of a river where it enters the sea through a single channel with a hollow. Perennial Rivers: The rivers which flow throughout the year and have permanent source of water. Pass: A narrow gap through the mountains providing a route or passage.
Question 87
Which of the following is the Characteristics of South Indian Rivers?
  1. Short and narrow
  2. Useful for navigation
  3. Suitable for hydro power generation
A
1, 2
B
1, 3
C
2, 3
D
1, 2, 3
Question 87 Explanation: 
Characteristics of South Indian Rivers Originate from Western Ghats • Short and narrow • Non perennial in nature • Suitable for hydro power generation • Not useful for navigation
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 87 questions to complete.

2 Comments

Leave a Reply to THIRUPPATHI M Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button